January 13, 2009
Harmful Substances In Baltic Sea Poorly Monitored
In the Baltic Sea region, there are considerable deficiencies in the observation and monitoring of the biological effects of harmful substances in comparison to many other maritime regions. In particular, there is little use of so-called biomarkers, early warning signs at a molecular and cell level. As a part of the joint European BONUS research program, methods of measuring and observing the biological effects of harmful substances are now being developed. This project led by Finnish researchers is also aiming to promote the introduction of such methods into the monitoring programs and assessments of the state of the Baltic Sea.
"The introduction of new methods significantly advances the observation of the environmental load caused by human activity and the understanding of its effects on the eco-system of the Baltic Sea," says the coordinator of the project, Kari K. Lehtonen, Senior Scientist at the Marine Center of the Finnish Environment Center. Sixteen research institutes from all the Baltic Sea countries are participating in the study.
Based on the project results and existing research material, recommendations and guidelines will be prepared for a new strategy concerning the uniform chemical-biological monitoring of harmful substances. Methods aimed at the assessment of the state of health of the marine eco-system will also be developed. In addition to the levels and effects of harmful substances, these methods will also take into account other variables such as biodiversity and the structures of biotic communities.
Research funding organizations from the nine Baltic Sea nations are behind the BONUS program, which was launched at the beginning of this year. The research is also being funded by the EU Commission. The Finnish funding organization is the Academy of Finland. At the first stage of the research program, decisions were made to fund 16 research projects with a total of 22 million euros, with more than 100 research institutes and universities from the Baltic Sea countries taking part. Finland is coordinating four of these projects. Total project funding will be approximately 60 million euros between 2010 and 2016.
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