Bringing Indigenous People Into Climate Change Monitoring, Policy
Scientists at the Missouri Botanical Garden are calling for the inclusion of indigenous peoples around the world in helping monitor the effects of global climate change and develop policy. In a special issue on traditional peoples and climate change in the May volume of “Global Environmental Change” published by Elsevier, guest editors Dr. Jan Salick, Senior Curator at the Missouri Botanical Garden, and Dr. Nanci Ross, research specialist at the Missouri Botanical Garden, highlight the role of indigenous people in adapting to and mitigating climate change.
The special volume is a result of a two-day symposium in April of 2007 at the Environmental Change Institute of Oxford. Researchers from different disciplinary backgrounds gathered to discuss how indigenous and other local people are affected by global climate change, and how they perceive and react to these changes. The focus was not only on the plight of indigenous peoples, but also on their resourcefulness and active responses to climatic variation. Attendees discussed how to promote indigenous peoples’ voices and actions within climate change research, actions, and policy. The scientific research and results discussed in that meeting are presented in the special issue.
“Indigenous and traditional people are on the frontline of climate change, experiencing unprecedented heat, melting icecaps, droughts, floods and threatened natural resources,” said Jan Salick, principal editor of the special volume and an ecological ethnobotanist specializing on Tibetan and tropical ethnobotany. “They are adapting to and mitigating climate changes worldwide. Isn’t it time their voices are heard at international climate change forums?”
Salick and Ross maintain that indigenous and other traditional peoples are rarely considered in academic, policy and public discourses on climate change, despite the fact that they will be impacted by impending changes. Their livelihoods depend on natural resources that are directly affected especially by climate change, and they often inhabit economically and politically marginal areas in diverse, but fragile ecosystems. Local peoples are vital and active parts of many ecosystems and may help to enhance the resilience of these ecosystems. In addition, they interpret and react to climate change in creative ways, drawing on traditional knowledge and new technologies to find solutions, which may help society at large to cope with climate change.
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