March 31, 2010
Additional Countries Pledge To Reduce Emissions
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has announced that 75 countries, which combined account for over 80-percent of the world's greenhouse gas emissions, have agreed to eliminate or reduce carbon emissions within the next decade.
The report, announced by the UNFCCC on Wednesday, states that the pledges were made under the Copenhagen Accord, which has established the goal of cutting carbon pollution and holding global warming to just over 3.5 degrees Fahrenheit.
Furthermore, the agency says that it will provide $30 billion annually for poor countries most affected by climate change through 2012, and as much as $100 billion each year by 2020.
"It is clear that while the pledges on the table are an important step towards the objective of limiting growth of emissions, they will not in themselves suffice to limit warming," UNFCCC Executive Secretary Yvo de Boer told AFP reporter Richard Ingham on Wednesday. "The climate conference at the end of this year in Mexico therefore needs to put in place effective cooperative mechanisms capable of bringing about significant acceleration of national, regional and international action both to limit the growth of emissions and to prepare for the inevitable impacts of climate change."
The UN agency's report states that former holdout nations, including China, India, and Brazil, have now promised to support the accord. That brings the total number of countries supporting the climate change efforts to 111, as well as the European Union (EU).
According to Ingham, in order to achieve their climate benchmark, "rich countries would have to cut their emissions by 25-40 percent by 2020 over 1990 levels, while developing countries would have to brake their emissions by 15-30 percent below forecast trends."
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