September 15, 2010
PhD Study Of Behaviour Of Semiconductor Crystals Of Size Less Than 100 Nanometres
The PhD thesis by Carlos EcheverrÃa Arrondo, Doctor in Physics from the Public University of Navarre and entitled "On doped semiconductor quantum dots and magnetic nanowires", studied the behaviour and properties of nanometric-scale semiconductor crystals.
The interest aroused by nanoscience and nanotechnology spurred Dr EcheverrÃa to study the behaviour of semiconductor crystals when their size is reduced to less than one hundred nanometres (a nanometre is a millionth part of a millimetre). "The possibilities of nanoscience and nanotechnology are wide ranging", he pointed out. "Magnetic properties at these dimensions can change drastically when the size of the particles is reduced and, in our investigation, we have shown that light is also capable of modifying the magnetism of nanocrystals".
He explained, "when quantum points or nanoparticles are involved, we are talking about nanocrystals of "zero" dimensions, while those of one dimension are known as nanowires. Thus, the properties of quantum points and nanowires not only depend on nanometric size but also on their shape and the presence of impurities".
The thesis studied in a theoretical manner the properties of doped quantum points (with the presence of impurities) and of magnetic nanowires. Notable amongst the main conclusions was that the electronic properties of the nanocrystals with magnetic impurities also depend on where they are located; it being possible that the magnetic properties of the quantum points change drastically on reducing their size; and light is capable of modifying the magnetism of the nanocrystals doped with manganese. A hitherto unknown crystalline geometry was also discovered, and which has low nanowires dimensions.
"The study of the nanometric structures is important in their physical behaviour, different from macroscopic solids to which we are accustomed", pointed out the researcher. Given their low dimensionality, the properties of nanocrystals and nanowires are often surprising and, at the same time, promising "“ as regards the development of new devices related to, for example, nanomagnetism and optoelectronics, to mention two fields dealt with in this PhD thesis". The theoretical study of nanostructures acts, on the one hand, to explain phenomena already observed experimentally and, on the other, to provide clues to the experimental physics involved with the new properties which will be of great interest to study as well as in regard to the results anticipated".
As regards the possibility of manipulating the spin of a quantum point using light, "this result shows us, for example, that these nanocrystals will act as bits of information or devices carrying out logical operations or for systems for high-capacity storage. These nanoparticles could even operate for quantum computation, anticipating fantastic calculation speeds, unimaginable today".
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