February 28, 2011
A Research Study Reveals The Deterioration In The Mediterranean Farmland Patrimony
A research study, in which Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) is taking part, has concluded that traditionally irrigated Mediterranean landscape has suffered an important loss of the cultural and ecological patrimony that it holds, especially as a result of the modernization of the traditional watering networks established throughout this countryside.
The starting point for this research is the recent and relentless transformation processes that the traditional irrigation network in the Mediterranean region has undergone and the subsequent degradation of some of its landscape, of great value from the point of view of productivity, patrimony and identity. The study deals with the relation between water and the agricultural landscape as well as the treatment of patrimonial values in public actions. "It is vital that hydraulic policy and modernization projects for watering infrastructure be designed based on the principle of the multifunctionality of the old irrigation systems, assuming that economic efficiency not be the only parameter for evaluating public decisions. Cultural, patrimonial and even ecological values must be taken into account," concluded the UC3M Professor, Santiago Fernández MuÃ±oz, who is the author of this study, together with Rafael Mata, Full Professor at the Universidad Aut³noma de Madrid.
A landscape with its own identity
The areas with the historic watering system are an excellent example of the agrarian landscape of Mediterranean valleys in dry and semi-arid areas. "They have been real agricultural oases, one of the most representative types in the Spanish Mediterranean area, which should be included among the most significant agriculture spaces in the European scale, together with the Atlantic bocages and the open fields in the continent's interior," commented Santiago Fernández MuÃ±oz, from the UC3M Humanities Department: History, Geography and Art. "For certain areas, moreover, landscapes such as Valencia's horta or the Murcia huerta are as much identified with those region as are the Retiro for Madrid and Montserrat for Catalonia."
The last part of the researcher's study characterized some of the impact of modernization policies on patrimonial values for historic irrigated landscape and point out proposals to manage and safeguard these areas. "Such conservation has been carried out through the instrument of territorial and urbanistic planning or where appropriate, as in the historical patrimony or preservation of nature model, which might be applied," the researchers pointed out, who also stress "the necessary consideration of certain areas in the traditionally irrigated Mediterranean as "special protected" (as established in the Reglamento de Planificaci³n Hidrol³gica (Hydraulic Planning Regulations) ; article 23) and which should be incorporated in the hydraulic plans currently being drafted in certain areas," the researchers summed up.
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