November 9, 2005

WWF demands tighter EU carbon quotas for 2008-2012

FRANKFURT, Nov 9 (Reuters ) - The World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
said on Wednesday that quotas restricting industrial carbon
dioxide emissions in the European Union between 2008 and 2012
should be tightened to bring more effective climate protection.

"WWF demands stricter caps for CO2 emissions and stronger
incentives for the second phase of national allocation plans
(NAPs) which have to be decided upon in 2006," it said in a
study issued in Berlin.

"Only tight limits and well-designed NAPs will prompt
energy utilities to replace dirty coal generation plants with
clean gas turbines or renewable energies," it said.

Under the EU emissions trading scheme (ETS) launched in
January, member states have to stick to CO2 quotas laid down in
their NAPs for the first trading period 2005-2007, while those
for the second period must be decided in Brussels next year.

As the linchpin of the EU's efforts to meet Kyoto Protocl
environment protection targets, the ETS makes pollution
allowances tradeable. It is the first mandatory cap and trade
system to create economic incentives for CO2 cuts.

WWF said Germany, the biggest economy and main polluter,
should be made to cut annual emissions from plants covered by
the scheme to 473 million tonnes in 2008-2012, instead of 495
million tonnes envisaged by the government last year.

WWF said some of the currently applicable NAPs, apart from
showing lax upper limits, lacked fairness, efficiency and

"If plans for the 2008-2012 phase turn out as fuzzy, the
European climate protection policy will fail terrifically,"
said Regine Guenther, head of WWF Deutschland's climate

The EU must cut its emissions of six heat-trapping gases
including CO2 by 8 percent from 1990 levels by 2008-2012.