January 13, 2012
First Galileo Satellite GIOVE-A Reaches Sixth Anniversary
British satellite manufacturer Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd (SSTL) on Thursday celebrated the sixth year of transmission of signals from its GIOVE-A satellite, which signaled the start of Europe´s ambitious Galileo satellite navigation program when it secured vital frequency filings on the 12th January 2006.
The 660kg GIOVE-A satellite was designed, built and tested in only 30 months for just 28 million Euro — demonstrating that innovative low cost small satellites could fulfill prominent institutional space missions.
Launched on 28th December 2005, GIOVE-A was one of two in-orbit testbeds for Galileo. Built with a design life of twenty-seven months, its mission was to secure the radio frequency filing for the Galileo satellite system with the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), test the critical Galileo payload equipment, and perform tests to characterize the radiation environment of Medium Earth Orbit (MEO) — the region of Earth´s orbital space used by navigation satellites.
Despite being the first European satellite launched into the demanding MEO environment, GIOVE-A remains fully operational having been declared a full mission success by ESA in 2008. Today it has surpassed its design life by almost four years, and continues to provide the European Space Agency (ESA) with data about the payload performance.
Following its success with GIOVE-A, SSTL is currently building the payloads for 14 satellites that are being supplied to ESA and which will provide the Initial Operational Capability of the Galileo constellation providing navigation services to end-users. Galileo is Europe´s own Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), providing real-time positioning services with unrivalled accuracy and integrity. It will be interoperable with the American GPS system and Russia´s GLONASS system.
Image Caption: Artist's impression of GIOVE-A, the first of ESA´s In-Orbit Verification spacecraft for the Galileo global navigation satellite system, as it deploys its second solar array shortly after launch by a Russian Soyuz/Fregat vehicle, in December 2005.
On the Net:
- To find out more about GIOVE-A visit: www.sstl.co.uk/missions/giove-a