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NASA Sees Tropical Cyclone Madi’s Rainfall

December 10, 2013
Image Caption: NASA's TRMM satellite captured data on Tropical Cyclone Madi's rainfall on Dec. 8 at 1144 UTC. The bulk of the rainfall was north of the center, and falling at a rate of 1 inch/30 mm per hour (green) with isolated areas of 2 inches/50 mm (red). Credit: NASA/SSAI, Hal Pierce

NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Tropical Cyclone Madi is headed for a landfall in southeastern India, and NASA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency’s TRMM satellite found that rainfall was heaviest north of the storm’s center.

The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite known as TRMM captured data on Tropical Cyclone Madi’s rainfall on Dec. 8 at 1144 UTC/6:44 a.m. EST. TRMM saw the bulk of the storm’s rainfall was occurring north of the center of circulation and falling at a rate of 1 inch/30 mm per hour with isolated areas of 2 inches/50 mm.

On December 9 at 1500 UTC/10 a.m. EST, Tropical Cyclone Madi’s winds had weakened to near 60 knots/69 mph/111.1 kph. Madi had dropped from typhoon to tropical storm strength today, December 9. It was centered near 14.6 north latitude and 84.8 west longitude in the Northern Indian Ocean. Madi’s center was about 280 nautical miles/322.2 miles/ 518.6 km east-northeast of Chennai, India, and the storm was still moving erratically, now to the north-northeast at 3 knots/3.4 mph/5.5 kph.

Forecasters at the Joint Typhoon Warning Center or JTWC now expect Madi to turn to the southwest and make landfall in southern India in Tamil Nadir on December 12. JTWC noted that Madi appears to have peaked in intensity and is forecast to weaken slowly through the period due to persistent vertical wind shear, dry air moving into the system and possible cooler sea surface temperatures associated with upwelling (water being drawn up from the bottom of the ocean as a result of being stirred by a tropical cyclone- which in this case is Madi itself, because it is moving so slowly).

The current track for the center of the cyclone brings it between the coastal city of Puducherry and the town of Mannarguddi, both along the southeastern coast.

Forecasters will be closely watching Madi as it moves across India as some forecast computer models suggest that its remnants could re-emerge into the Arabian Sea.

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Source: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center