July 14, 2005
Historic Outer Space Meeting Commemorated
WASHINGTON -- When U.S. and Soviet space vessels met in orbit in 1975, a handshake was heralded as a symbolic step toward a future of international space-travel cooperation.
Astronauts and cosmonauts of the Apollo and Soyuz spacecraft said Thursday that their mission led directly to the cooperation necessary for the international space station and other multinational projects.
"I am convinced that all future flights will be international," cosmonaut Aleksei A. Leonov said at a NASA-sponsored ceremony marking the 30th anniversary of the first manned space flight managed jointly by two nations. "It's possible that an international crew would land on Mars."
Space explorers' decades-old success and future ambitions were celebrated a day after NASA's attempt to resume manned space flights in the United States was delayed by a malfunctioning fuel sensor aboard the space shuttle Discovery.
The launch was set to mark NASA's first shuttle flight since the Columbia broke apart on its return to Earth in 2003, killing all on board.
At Thursday's ceremony at the National Air and Space Museum, there was little talk of the U.S. space program's rocky recent history. Participants instead recalled the details of friendships between Cold War enemies made possible by the 1975 success.
The Apollo-Soyuz mission proved that U.S. and Soviet spacecraft were compatible, despite different measuring systems and air pressure standards. It also more symbolically proved U.S.-Soviet cooperation was possible despite diplomatic tensions.
"It was the very heights of the Cold War, with thousands of nuclear weapons aimed at each country," said retired Lt. Gen. Thomas Stafford, who manned the Apollo with Vance Brand and the late Donald Slayton. "Yet both superpowers had great accomplishments in space, so we decided to work together."
"We were able to succeed because we never got into politics," said Valeriy Kubasov, Soyuz' other cosmonaut of the 1975 flight.
Related Links: An Orbiting Partnership is Born
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