ESA Exhibit Opens At COP15
Today marks the official opening of ESA’s exhibition “ËœSpace for Earth, Understanding Climate Change from Space’ at the UN Climate Change Conference, COP15, in Copenhagen, Denmark.
COP15 marks a fundamental step giving politicians, decision-makers and world leaders the opportunity to discuss the most pressing environmental challenges we face today.
The exhibit, hosted in partnership with the Danish Ministry for Science, is located at Kongens Nytorv in the city center and shows how satellites are playing an important role in observing the many aspects of our ever-changing planet.
Several experts spoke at the event about various aspects of space in climate change research. Showing a variety of breath-taking images of Earth from his two trips to the International Space Station in 2006 and 2009, ESA astronaut Christer Fuglesang said: “We do not realize how fragile Earth’s atmosphere is, and we should all work together to preserve it.”
“Space for Earth is more than a smart slogan,” said Peter Hulsroj, ESA Director of Legal Affairs and External Relations. “Some satellites have provided us the occasion to break the horizon and to explore Earth in a completely different fashion. Space is a very important source of information, as it helps decision-makers to find solutions which are based on facts.”
In his address, ESA’s Head of Science, Applications and Future Technologies Department, Dr Stephen Briggs commented: “With Earth observation satellites, we can contribute to managing climate change mitigation and adaptation. It is important to base decisions from facts, and the facts can be based on satellite data.”
Along with a selection of invaluable data on Earth’s climate, weather and environment, an impressive full-scale model of ESA’s CryoSat-2 satellite to be launched next February is on display.
The CryoSat mission is set to address one of the most hotly debated issues in the environmental science community: how quickly is the ice thinning? By monitoring precise changes in the thickness of the polar ice sheets and floating sea ice, CryoSat-2 aims to answer this question as well as whether the polar ice is shrinking because of global climate change.
Rene Forbserg, Head of Geodynamics at Denmark’s National Space Institute (DTU-Space), said: “COP15 is all about climate change, and CryoSat-2 is going to give us data about this.”
“Like many others, we in Denmark look forward to the launch of CryoSat-2,” said Helge Sander, Danish Minister for Science, Technology and Innovation. “Denmark is also part of the ESA-led Climate Change Initiative, and I am confident that this will greatly benefit science.”
ESA started the Climate Change Initiative by making full use of Europe’s Earth observation space assets and working with international partners to exploit robust satellite-based long-term global records of essential climate variables.
The Climate Change Initiative will provide the international scientific community with a powerful tool to monitor and understand better the state of the climate system and help to predict the effects a changing climate may bring. The initiative promises to be an extremely effective mechanism for providing datasets to governing bodies for managing climate change.
ESA has a vigorous Earth observation program, which includes launching 20 satellites over the next 10 years. These include the family of Earth Explorers that will measure key Earth System processes, the Sentinels that will provide operational information services for global monitoring of the environment and security and meteorological missions.
The fleet of ESA’s Earth observation satellites, including ERS-1, ERS-2 and Envisat, has gathered enormous amounts of data about our planet. Archived over 30 years and increasing daily, these data will form the basis for extracting the variables most relevant to climate change and for the implementation of a follow-on Protocol should one be decided in Copenhagen.
Image 1: ESA will maintain an exhibit throughout COP15. The exhibit, hosted in partnership with the Danish Ministry for Science, is located at Kongens Nytorv in the city center and fulfills an important educational role and increases public knowledge of how satellites are playing an important role in observing the many aspects of our ever-changing planet. Credits: ESA
Image 2: The CryoSat mission will provide data to determine the precise rate of change in the thickness of the polar ice sheets and floating sea ice. It is capable of detecting changes as little as 1 cm per year. The information from the CryoSat will lead to a better understanding of how the volume of ice on Earth is changing and, in turn, a better appreciation of how ice and climate are linked. Credits: ESA ““ P. Carril
Image 3: Peter Hulsroj, ESA Director of Legal Affairs and External Relations, speaks at ESA’s exhibition opening ceremony during COP15 in Copenhagen. Credits: ESA
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