November 14, 2006
Shuttle Crew Prepares for December Launch
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- The space shuttle Discovery's seven astronauts flew to Florida on Monday for several days of dress rehearsal in preparation for their Dec. 7 launch on a mission to the international space station.
Led by commander Mark Polansky, the astronauts will run through emergency escapes from the launch pad, practice landing on Kennedy Space Center's runway and learn how to put out fires on the shuttle. The dress rehearsal culminates Thursday with the crew donning their spacesuits, strapping into the shuttle and practicing a launch countdown.
During the 12-day mission, Discovery will rotate out a space station crew member, and its astronauts will rewire the space lab's electrical system.
Meanwhile, NASA managers in New Orleans reviewed a possible design change to the shuttle's external fuel tank and could decide this week to modify the tank for a mission next March. Foam breaking free of the external tank has vexed NASA ever since a piece of foam struck the space shuttle Columbia's wing during liftoff in 2003, causing a gash that allowed fiery gases to penetrate the spacecraft. Seven astronauts were killed.
The space agency has spent three years trying to figure out how to keep foam loss to a minimum.
NASA already made one major change to the tank - removing 37 pounds of foam - after a large chunk fell off during the first return-to-flight mission last year. The new design change would likely remove foam from the top three or four of the almost three dozen wedge-shaped brackets along the tank that hold pressurization lines in place.
Next year, NASA plans to change the tank even further by making the brackets with titanium.
Also this week, NASA planned to test-fire solid rocket motors in Utah to see whether their illumination provides enough light to take photographs of the external tank at night. Discovery is set to be the first night launch in four years.
NASA had required daylight launches for the three flights after Columbia to make sure engineers had clear photos of the shuttle's external fuel tank.
About 220 miles above Earth, the space station's three occupants checked out Russian spacesuits Monday in preparation for a spacewalk next week. During the spacewalk, Russian cosmonaut Mikhail Tyurin will whack a golf ball from outside the space station on behalf of a Canadian golf club manufacturer that has paid the Russian space agency an undisclosed sum for the publicity stunt.
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