Cassini Snaps New Mosaics of Titan
Titan ‘T28′ Mosaic (top image)
Bright and dark terrain on Titan’s trailing hemisphere is revealed by Cassini’s Imaging Science Subsystem in this mosaic of images taken during the T28 flyby in April 2007.
The region shown in this image, centred on the northern part of Titan’s trailing hemisphere (near 31.2° North, 139.3° East), had only been seen at very low resolution until February 2007, when Cassini flew over this area for the first time. This mosaic consists of images taken during one of a series of flybys in early 2007 designed to study this long unavailable part of Titan (5150 kilometres across).
Several intriguing surface features that warrant further study can be seen in this mosaic. Along the top of the mosaic is a series of dark lineaments, or linear features, that stand out against the bland northern, mid-latitude terrain.
These features were also observed by the RADAR instrument in December 2006 and represent an area of potential future co-analysis for the RADAR and camera teams. Another such region is the large bright area known as Adiri at bottom centre, also imaged by RADAR in October 2005.
The mosaic shows a number of dark areas within Adiri that line up with small dune fields observed by RADAR. A portion of the dark terrain surrounding Adiri was also observed by RADAR in 2005 and was similarly found to consist of large stretches of longitudinal dune fields – further supporting the correlation between equatorial dark regions and dune ‘seas’.
To the east of Adiri is a dark spot surrounded by a ring of bright material, which may be associated with an impact crater similar to Sinlap, discovered earlier in the mission.
This mosaic consists of 29 separate frames using a total of 116 images. Each frame consists of three images, taken using a filter sensitive to near-infrared light centred at 938 nanometres, allowing for observations of Titan’s surface and lower atmosphere, added together.
An image taken using a filter sensitive to visible light centred at 619 nanometres was then subtracted from the product, effectively removing the lower atmosphere contribution to the brightness values in the image, increasing image contrast and improving the visibility of surface features. This process is also intended to reduce noise, but some camera artefacts still remain, such as a dark ring caused by dust in the camera system near the bottom right of each frame.
The images used for this mosaic were taken on April 11, 2007 from distances ranging from 106 000 to 180 000 kilometres. This mosaic is in an orthographic projection with a pixel scale of 1.5 kilometres per pixel, although the size of resolvable features is likely several times larger, due to atmospheric scattering. An orthographic view is most like the view seen by a distant observer looking through a telescope.
Titan ‘T28′ View (lower image)
Cassini acquired this view of Titan on April 13, 2007, following a flyby of the Mercury-sized moon. Titan’s equatorial dark regions are visible in this view, along with faint, dark lineaments (linear features) in the otherwise bland-looking terrain of the north. Near the terminator are the dark, lake-like features identified in Cassini flybys early in 2007.
To the east of the lake-like features is a bright patch of clouds that likely consist of a mixture of methane and ethane.
This view of Titan (5,150 kilometers, or 3,200 miles across) is an orthographic reprojection centered on 27.4 degrees north latitude. An orthographic view is most like the view seen by a distant observer looking through a telescope.
The view was obtained using a filter sensitive to near-infrared light centered at 939 nanometers, allowing for observations of Titan’s surface and lower atmosphere, added together. An image taken using a filter sensitive to visible light centered at 619 nanometers was then subtracted from the product, effectively removing the lower atmosphere contribution to the brightness values in the image, increasing image contrast and improving the visibility of surface features.
The Cassini spacecraft acquired this view with its narrow-angle camera at a distance of approximately 1.2 million kilometers (800,000 miles) from Titan. Image scale is 7 kilometers (5 miles) per pixel.
The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the mission for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter and its two onboard cameras were designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging operations center is based at the Space Science Institute in Boulder, Colo.
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