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Terahertz Radiation Systems: Technologies and Global Markets

September 24, 2013

Reportbuyer.com just published a new market research report: Terahertz Radiation Systems: Technologies and Global Markets.

London (PRWEB) September 24, 2013

This report provides:

-An overview of the global market for terahertz radiation (THz) systems

-Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2012, estimates for 2013, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2018

-Identification of the classes of devices, including imaging devices, spectroscopes, other sensors, communications devices, and computing devices

-Examination of general properties of THz radiation

-Historical milestones in the development of THz radiation devices

-Discussion of emerging and developmental THz radiation technologies and applications that have the greatest commercial potential through 2018

-Assessments of promising THz applications in the context of user needs and competing technologies

-Industry structure

-Patent analysis

-Comprehensive company profiles of major players.

STUDY BACKGROUND

Over the last hundred years or so, physicists and engineers have progressively learned to exploit new areas of the electromagnetic spectrum. Starting with visible light, they have developed technologies for generating and detecting radiation at both higher and lower frequencies.Sandwiched between the optical on the short wavelength side and radio on the long wavelength extreme, the terahertz (THz) frequency range (also called the far infrared or submillimeter-wave region) has been the least explored and developed portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. The potential usefulness of THz radiation, with its ability to penetrate a wide range of nonconducting materials, has been known for a long time. The first images generated using THz radiation date from as far back as the 1960s.However, practical applications of THz radiation have been longer in coming, due to the so-called “terahertz gap.” The terahertz gap refers to the technologies needed to generate, channel and detect THz radiation subject to real-world constraints such as size, cost and operating temperatures. Recent developments in THz radiation sources, detectors and waveguides have started to close the terahertz gap, opening up a range of potential applications in transportation security, medical imaging, nondestructive testing and other fields.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

This report is an update of an earlier BCC Research report, published in 2011. The overall goals of this report include assessing the technological process that has been made toward bridging the terahertz gap and assessing the commercial potential of THz radiation devices over the next five to 10 years. Specific objectives include:

Identifying the THz applications that are most likely to achieve significant commercial sales by 2023.

Assessing any remaining barriers to their commercialization, and developing quantitative estimates of potential sales.

Analyzing promising THz applications in the context of user needs and competing technologies.

Developing quantitative market projections through 2023.

Identifying companies that are well positioned to profit from these trends.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

This report is intended especially for marketing executives, entrepreneurs, investors, venture capitalists and other readers with a need to know where the emerging market for THz radiation devices is headed over the next 10 years. Although the report is organized around specific technologies, it is largely nontechnical in nature and coverage. That is, it is concerned less with theory and jargon than with what works, how much of the latter the market is likely to purchase and at what price.The report has not been written specifically for scientists and technologists. However, the report’s findings concerning the market for their work, including the availability of government and corporate research funding for different technologies and applications, should interest them as well.

SCOPE AND FORMAT

The report addresses the emerging global market for THz radiation devices, including the classes of devices listed below.

Imaging devices.

Spectroscopes.

Other sensors.

Communications devices.

Computing devices.

The study format includes the following major elements:

Executive summary.

Definitions.

General properties of THz radiation.

Historical milestones in the development of THz radiation devices.

Emerging and developmental THz radiation technologies and applications that have the greatest commercial potential through 2023.

Detailed market estimates and projections for each technology and application during the period 2013 to 2018

General assessment of expected market trends in the longer term (2018 to 2023).

Industry structure.

Patent analysis.

INFORMATION SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY

Projecting the market for emerging technologies, whose commercial potential has not yet been proven, is a challenging task. This is nowhere truer than the THz radiation field, which may help to explain why many analysts focus on supply-side technology assessments.However, BCC’s objective in this report is to provide not just a technology assessment but also an initial commercial assessment of the potential commercial market for THz devices. To accomplish this objective, BCC used a multiphase approach to identify the technologies with the greatest commercial potential and quantify the related markets.In the first phase of the analysis, BCC identified a long list of THz technologies and applications, including those that are still under development. In the second phase, BCC eliminated those applications that appear to have little likelihood of making it into commercial use in the next five to 10 years, which was accomplished through a literature review and interviews with industry sources. The result of phase two was a short list of THz technologies with the greatest commercial potential over the time period covered by this report.The third phase focused on quantifying the potential market for each short-listed THz technology, by application, and identifying the main prerequisites for commercial success. Phase three actually had two phases: 1) development of near- to midterm (2013 to 2018) projections, and 2) development of longer-term (2018 to 2023) projections.

The development of such long-term projections is a departure from the usual BCC report format, necessitated by the long time frame for commercialization of many of the technologies analyzed in this report. Obviously, the projections for the out-years beyond 2018 are more tentative than the projections for 2013 to 2018.The specific assumptions and approach BCC used to develop the projections (both near/midterm and long-term) for each THz technology and application are documented in detail under the various segments addressed. This way, readers can see how the market estimates were developed and, if they so desire, test the impact on the final numbers of changing the underlying assumptions.One of the approaches used by BCC deserves special mention here. Particularly in the case of THz applications that are still under development, BCC used the sales performance of non-THz applications that share some of the same functions or other characteristics with the respective THz applications as a benchmark for assessing the latter’s sales potential.

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2

STUDY BACKGROUND 2

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2

INTENDED AUDIENCE 2

SCOPE AND FORMAT 3

INFORMATION SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY 3

ANALYST CREDENTIALS 4

RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 4

BCC ONLINE SERVICES 5

DISCLAIMER 5

CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 7

SUMMARY TABLE A GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ RADIATION DEVICES AND

SYSTEMS, BY TYPE OF SYSTEM, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 7

SUMMARY FIGURE A GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ RADIATION DEVICES AND

SYSTEMS, BY TYPE OF SYSTEM, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 7

SUMMARY TABLE B GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ RADIATION DEVICES AND

SYSTEMS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 8

SUMMARY FIGURE B GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ RADIATION DEVICES AND

SYSTEMS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 8

CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW 11

GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF TERAHERTZ RADIATION 11

DEFINITION AND GENERAL DESCRIPTION 11

PROPERTIES 11

Line of Sight Travel 11

Limited Range 12

Safety 12

Ability to Penetrate Nonconducting Materials 13

Improved Image Resolution/Contrast 13

Absorption by Water and Other Materials 13

Interactions with Metal 14

Spectral Sensitivity 14

HISTORY 15

THZ ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES 16

THZ SOURCES 16

Laser Sources 16

Optically Pumped THz Lasers 16

Ti:Sapphire Femtosecond Laser 17

Quantum Cascade Lasers 18

Free-Electron Lasers 18

Electronic Sources 19

Backward-Wave Oscillators 19

Direct Multiplied Sources 19

Photomixing 20

Hybrid Sources 20.THZ DETECTORS 20

Direct Detectors 20

Bolometers 20

Golay Cells 21

Pyroelectric Detectors 21

Semiconductor Detectors 22

Heterodyne Receivers 22

Schottky Mixers 23

Superconductor-Isolator-Superconductor Mixers 23

Hot Electron Bolometer Mixers 23

Other Technologies 23

Semiconductor Nanowire-Based Detectors 23

THZ WAVEGUIDES 23

Metal Wire Waveguide 24

Other Types of THz Waveguide 24

THZ SWITCHES, REGULATORS, LENSES AND OTHER DEVICES 24

Optically Switched Metamaterial THz Switch 25

Organic Molecule Switching 25

Voltage Controlled Metamaterial THz Modulator 25

Ballistic Deflection THz Transistor 25

THz Lenses, Filters and Windows 26

THz Isolator 26

Nanotube-Based THz Isolator 26

Metal-Insulator Electronics 26

NEW MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES 27

Nanomaterials 27

Superconductors 27

Metamaterials 28

FIGURE 1 SPLIT RING RESONATOR 29

Graphene 29

Micro-Electromechanical Systems (MEMS) 31

TYPES OF THZ SYSTEMS 31

IMAGING SYSTEMS 32

SPECTROSCOPES 32

SENSORS 32

COMMUNICATIONS DEVICES 33

COMPUTERS 33

THERAPEUTIC DEVICES 33

POTENTIAL THZ END USES AND APPLICATIONS 34

TABLE 1 POTENTIAL END USES AND APPLICATIONS OF THZ RADIATION 34

OVERALL MARKET SIZE AND SEGMENTATION 34

MARKET SIZE 34

FIGURE 2 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR THZ SYSTEMS, 2012–2023 ($ MILLIONS) 34

APPLICATION SEGMENTS 35

TABLE 2 MARKET FOR THZ SYSTEMS BY END-USER SEGMENT, 2012–2023 ($

MILLIONS) 35

FIGURE 3 THZ MARKET SHARES BY END-USER SEGMENT, 2012-2023 (% OF TOTAL

SALES) 36

CHAPTER 4 TERAHERTZ IMAGING SYSTEMS: TECHNOLOGIES, APPLICATIONS AND

MARKETS, 2012-2023 39

TECHNOLOGIES 39

ACTIVE VS. PASSIVE SYSTEMS 39

TYPE OF ILLUMINATION 39

Pulsed Systems 39

Continuous-Wave Systems 40

TECHNOLOGICAL HURDLES 40

Power 40

Spatial Resolution 41

Signal-to-Noise Ratio 41

Image Acquisition Speed 42

Scattering 42

Cost 42

Non-Line-of-Sight Applications 43

MANUFACTURERS 43

TABLE 3 COMPANIES THAT MANUFACTURE OR ARE DEVELOPING TERAHERTZ

IMAGING DEVICES 44

END USES AND APPLICATIONS 44

TABLE 4 POTENTIAL THZ IMAGING END USES AND APPLICATIONS 44

SECURITY/PUBLIC SAFETY 45

Passenger Screening 45

HEALTHCARE 46

Medical Imaging 46

Intraoperative Imaging 47

Skin Cancer Detection 48

Endoscopy 48

Clinical Dentistry 48

Diagnostics 49

MANUFACTURING 49

Process/Quality Control 49

TABLE 5 THZ NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING APPLICATIONS 49

Aerospace 50

Pharmaceuticals 50

Semiconductor Wafer and Circuit Inspection and Testing 50

Other Applications 51

SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH 51

Astronomy 51

Art and Archaeology 52

MILITARY/DEFENSE 52

Target Acquisition and Identification 52

Land Mine and IED Detection 52

MULTIPURPOSE 53

Compact, Low-Cost THz Cameras 53

MARKETS 53

FIGURE 4 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ IMAGING SYSTEMS,

2012-2023 ($ MILLIONS) 53

TABLE 6 MARKET FOR THZ IMAGING BY END-USE, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 54

FIGURE 5 TRENDS IN THZ IMAGING SYSTEM MARKET SHARES BY TYPE OF

APPLICATION, 2012-2023 (% OF TOTAL MARKET) 55

SECURITY AND PUBLIC SAFETY 55

Passenger Screening 55

TABLE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ AND OTHER AIRPORT SECURITY

SCREENING EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 56

HEALTHCARE 57

TABLE 8 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ IMAGING DEVICES FOR HEALTHCARE

APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 57

Biomedical Imaging 57

TABLE 9 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MEDICAL IMAGING APPLICATIONS,

THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 58

Intraoperative Imaging 58

TABLE 10 GLOBAL MARKET FOR INTRAOPERATIVE IMAGING EQUIPMENT, THROUGH

2023 ($ MILLIONS) 58

FIGURE 6 INTRAOPERATIVE IMAGING TECHNOLOGIES MARKET SHARES, 2012 (%

OF TOTAL INTRAOPERATIVE IMAGING EQUIPMENT SALES) 58

TABLE 11 MARKET FOR INTRAOPERATIVE TERAHERTZ IMAGING EQUIPMENT,

THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 60

Skin Cancer Detection 60

TABLE 12 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ SKIN CANCER IMAGING EQUIPMENT,

THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 60

Endoscopy 60

TABLE 13 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ ENDOSCOPES, THROUGH 2023 ($

MILLIONS) 61

Clinical Dentistry 61

TABLE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ DENTAL CARIES IMAGING EQUIPMENT,

THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 62

Diagnostics 62

Burn Diagnosis 62

TABLE 15 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BURN DIAGNOSTIC INSTRUMENTS,

THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 63

MANUFACTURING 63

Nondestructive Testing 63

TABLE 16 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ IMAGING EQUIPMENT FOR NDT

APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 64

SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH 64

Astronomy 64

TABLE 17 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ ASTRONOMICAL IMAGING EQUIPMENT,

THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 65

MILITARY/DEFENSE 65

Radar Imaging 65

TABLE 18 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MILITARY RADAR APPLICATIONS,

THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 66

MULTIPURPOSE 66

Compact THz Imagers 66

TABLE 19 GLOBAL MARKET FOR COMPACT, LOW COST THZ CAMERAS, THROUGH

2023 ($ MILLIONS) 67

CHAPTER 5 TERAHERTZ SPECTROSCOPES: TECHNOLOGIES, APPLICATIONS AND

MARKETS, 2012-2023 69

TECHNOLOGIES 69

SOURCES 69

REFLECTIVE VS. TRANSMISSION DETECTION 69

DETECTORS 70

TECHNOLOGICAL HURDLES 70

Slow Acquisition Speeds 70

END USES AND APPLICATIONS 71

SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH 71

Materials Science 71

Biochemistry 71

Plasma Diagnostics 72

Art and Archaeology 72

Environmental and Earth Science 72

MANUFACTURERS 73

TABLE 20 COMPANIES THAT MANUFACTURE OR ARE DEVELOPING TERAHERTZ

SPECTROSCOPES 73

MARKETS 73

SUMMARY 73

FIGURE 7 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ SPECTROSCOPY SYSTEMS,

2012-2023 ($ MILLIONS) 74

SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH 74

TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ SPECTROSCOPY EQUIPMENT FOR

SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 75

CHAPTER 6 TERAHERTZ SENSORS: TECHNOLOGIES, APPLICATIONS AND MARKETS,

2012-2023 77

TECHNOLOGIES 77

THZ BIOCHIPS 77

MOISTURE DETECTORS 77

APPLICATIONS 77

TABLE 22 POTENTIAL THZ SENSOR END USES AND APPLICATIONS 78

SECURITY AND PUBLIC SAFETY 78

Chemical Agent Detection 78

HEALTHCARE 78

Medical Diagnostics 78

MANUFACTURING 78

Process/Quality Control 78

AGRICULTURE 79

Measurement of Leaf and Seed Water Content 79

MILITARY/DEFENSE 79

Chemical Agent Detection 79

MARKETS 79

FIGURE 8 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ SENSORS, 2012–2023 ($

MILLIONS) 79

TABLE 23 MARKET FOR THZ SENSORS BY END-USER SEGMENT, THROUGH 2023 ($

MILLIONS) 80

FIGURE 9 TRENDS IN THZ SENSOR MARKET SHARES BY END-USER SEGMENT,

2012-2023 (% OF TOTAL MARKET) 81

SECURITY AND PUBLIC SAFETY 81

Chemical Agent Detection 81

TABLE 24 GLOBAL SECURITY/PUBLIC SAFETY MARKET FOR THZ CHEMICAL

WARFARE AGENT AND TOXIC CHEMICAL DETECTORS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 82

HEALTHCARE 82

Medical Diagnostics 82

TABLE 25 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN MEDICAL

DIAGNOSTICS APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 83

MANUFACTURING 83

Process/Quality Control 83

TABLE 26 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN INDUSTRIAL

PROCESS AND QUALITY CONTROL, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 83

Pathogen Detection 83

TABLE 27 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN INDUSTRIAL

PROCESS AND QUALITY CONTROL, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 84

Measurement of Package Moisture Content 84

TABLE 28 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN MEASUREMENT OF

PACKAGE MOISTURE CONTROL, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 84

AGRICULTURE 84

TABLE 29 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MOISTURE SENSORS USED IN

AGRICULTURE, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 85

MILITARY/DEFENSE 85

TABLE 30 GLOBAL MILITARY/DEFENSE MARKET FOR THZ CHEMICAL WARFARE

AGENT AND TOXIC CHEMICAL DETECTORS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 85

CHAPTER 7 TERAHERTZ COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS: TECHNOLOGIES, APPLICATIONS

AND MARKETS, 2012-2023 87

TECHNOLOGIES 87

ANTENNAS 87

EMITTERS 88

MODULATORS 89

FILTERS 90

END USES AND APPLICATIONS 91

SATELLITE-TO-SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS 91

INDOOR WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS 91

TACTICAL (MILITARY) COMMUNICATIONS 92

MARKETS 92

SUMMARY 92

TABLE 31 MARKET FOR THZ COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT BY END-USER

SEGMENT, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 93

FIGURE 10 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ COMMUNICATION

SYSTEMS, 2012–2023 ($ MILLIONS) 93

FIGURE 11 TRENDS IN THZ COMMUNICATION MARKET SHARES BY END-USER

SEGMENT, 2012-2023 (% OF TOTAL MARKET) 93

COMMUNICATIONS 94

TABLE 32 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ DEVICES USED IN CIVILIAN

COMMUNICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 95

Satellite-to-Satellite Communications 95TABLE 33 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ CIVILIAN SATELLITE-TO-SATELLITE

COMMUNICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 96

Indoor Wireless Communications 96

TABLE 34 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ INDOOR COMMUNICATIONS

EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 97

MILITARY/DEFENSE 97

TABLE 35 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ COMMUNICATION DEVICES USED IN

MILITARY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 98

Tactical Communications 98

TABLE 36 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ TACTICAL COMMUNICATIONS

EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 99

Military Satellite Communications 99

TABLE 37 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MILITARY SATELLITE-TO-SATELLITE

COMMUNICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 99

CHAPTER 8 TERAHERTZ COMPUTING: TECHNOLOGIES, APPLICATIONS AND MARKETS,

2012-2023 101

TECHNOLOGIES 101

WAVEGUIDES 101

INTERCONNECTS 101

TRANSISTORS 102

END USES AND APPLICATIONS 102

MARKET 103

TABLE 38 GLOBAL MARKET FOR THZ HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING

INTERCONNECTS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 103

CHAPTER 9 OTHER TERAHERTZ TECHNOLOGIES, APPLICATIONS AND MARKETS,

2012-2023 105

TECHNOLOGIES 105

THZ PULSE TECHNOLOGY 105

END USES AND APPLICATIONS 105

CANCER THERAPY 105

MARKET 106

CHAPTER 10 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 108

NATIONALITY 108

FIGURE 12 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES BY NATIONALITY (% OF TOTAL COMPANIES) 108

ANNUAL SALES 109

FIGURE 13 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES BY NATIONALITY (% OF ALL THZ COMPANIES) 109

FIGURE 14 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES BY TYPE OF OWNERSHIP (% OF ALL THZ

COMPANIES) 110

PRODUCT SPECIALIZATION 111

FIGURE 15 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES SPECIALIZING IN THZ TECHNOLOGY VS.

COMPANIES WITH OTHER PRODUCT LINES (% OF ALL THZ COMPANIES) 111

COMMERCIALIZATION 111

FIGURE 16 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES WITH COMMERCIAL PRODUCT (% OF ALL THZ

COMPANIES) 111

CHAPTER 11 GOVERNMENT-SPONSORED THZ RESEARCH PROGRAMS 114

UNITED STATES 114

FEDERAL-LEVEL INITIATIVES 114

Department of Defense 114

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency 114

Terahertz Electronics Program 115

Terahertz Imaging Focal-Plane Technology (TIFT) Project 115

Mission Adaptable Chemical Sensor (MACS) Project 115

U.S. Army 116

U.S. Air Force 116

U.S. Navy 117

Department of Homeland Security 117

Department of Energy 118

National Aeronautics and Space Administration 118

National Science Foundation 118

Integrative, Hybrid and Complex Systems (IHCS) Program 119

National Institutes of Health 119

INDIVIDUAL STATE INITIATIVES 119

EUROPE 119

EUROPEAN UNION 119

Ultrafast Electronics for Terahertz Rapid Analysis in Compact

Lab-on-Chip Applications (ULTRA) Project 120

Optically Driven Terahertz Amplifiers (OPTHER) Project 120

Multispectral Terahertz, Infrared, Visible Imaging and Spectroscopy

(MUSIS) Project 121

Towards 0.5 Terahertz Silicon/Germanium Heterojunction Bipolar

Technology (DOTFIVE) Project 121

TeraTOP 122

EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY 122

INDIVIDUAL GOVERNMENTS 122

Germany 123

United Kingdom 123

Italy 123

Japan 124

CHAPTER 12 APPENDIX A: COMPANY PROFILES 126

COMPANIES THAT ARE PRODUCING OR KNOWN TO BE DEVELOPING THZ

RADIATION-BASED PRODUCTS 126

AB MILLIMETRE 126

ACREO AB 126

ADVANTEST CORP. 127

AGILTRON 127

ALPES LASERS SA 127

APPLIED RESEARCH AND PHOTONICS INC. 127

BAE SYSTEMS PLC 128

BRIDGE12 TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 128

BROADBAND INC. 128

BRUKER OPTICS INC. 129

CANON INC. 129

COHERENT INC. 129

DEL MAR PHOTONICS INC. 129

EMCORE CORP. 130

FEMTOLASERS PRODUKTIONS GMBH 130

GOODRICH CORP. 130

INNOVATIVE PHOTONICS SOLUTIONS INC. 131

INSIGHT PRODUCT CO. 131

JENA OPTRONIK GMBH 131

LOCKHEED MARTIN SPACE SYSTEMS 132

LONGWAVE PHOTONICS LLC 132

M SQUARED LASERS LTD. 132

MICROTECH INSTRUMENTS INC. 133

NORTHROP GRUMMAN CORP. 133

NOVATRANS GROUP SA 133

NP PHOTONICS INC. 134

OPHIR-SPIRICON INC. 134

PICOMETRIX LLC 134

QMC INSTRUMENTS LTD. 135

RADIABEAM TECHNOLOGIES LLC 135

RAYTHEON CO. 135

SARNOFF CORP. 136

SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORP. 136

SCIENCETECH INC. 136

SMITHS DETECTION INC. 137

SPECTRUM DETECTOR INC. 137

SPIRE CORP. 137

SYNVIEW GMBH 138

TELEDYNE SCIENTIFIC AND IMAGING LLC 138

TERAPHYSICS CORP. 138

TERASENSE DEVELOPMENT LABS LLC 138

TERAVIEW LTD. 139

THOMAS KEATING LTD. 139

TRAYCER DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEMS INC. 140

THRUVISION LTD. 140

TOCHIGI NIKON CORP. 140

TOPTICA PHOTONICS AG 141

TOSHIBA CORPORATION 141

VERISANTE TECHNOLOGY INC. 141

VERMONT PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGIES CORP. 142

VIRGINIA DIODES INC. 142

ZOMEGA TERAHERTZ CORP. 142

OTHER COMPANIES THAT ARE CONDUCTING OR HAVE CONDUCTED THZ

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 143

CHAPTER 13 APPENDIX B: THZ RESEARCH PROGRAMS 146

NORTH AMERICA-BASED ORGANIZATIONS 146

ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY 146

JEFFERSON NATIONAL ACCELERATOR FACILITY FREE ELECTRON 146

LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATIONAL LABORATORY 147

LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY 147

OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY (OSU) TERAHERTZ RESEARCH LABORATORY 147

RENSSELAER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE (RPI) CENTER FOR TERAHERTZ RESEARCH 148

SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORY 148

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA (SANTA BARBARA) (UCSB) INSTITUTE FOR TERAHERTZ SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 149

UNIVERSITY OF WATERLOO MICROWAVE AND TERAHERTZ PHOTONICS INTEGRATED SYSTEM LAB 149

FOREIGN-BASED ORGANIZATIONS 150

ASIA 150

National Institute of Technology, Warangal, Terahertz Science and

Technology Center 150

Osaka University Institute of Laser Engineering Division of Laser

Terahertz Research 150

Rikagaku Kenkyusho (RIKEN) Terahertz-Wave Research Group 150

EUROPE 151

Aachen University Institute for Semiconductor Electronics 151

Braunschweig Technical University Terahertz Communication Lab 151

Czech Academy of Sciences Laboratory of Terahertz Spectroscopy 152

Fraunhofer Institute for Physical Measurement Techniques 152

Leibniz Gemeinschaft/German Teraherz Center 152

National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics Terahertz and

Low Temperature Group 153

Oxford University Terahertz Photonics Group 153

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Terahertz Group 153

Technical University of Vienna Photonics Institute THz Group 154

University of Leeds Institute of Microwaves and Photonics THz

Imaging Group 154

CHAPTER 14 APPENDIX C: PATENT ANALYSIS 157

PATENT ANALYSIS 157

FIGURE 17 SUMMARY OF U.S. TERAHERTZ TECHNOLOGY PATENTS AND PATENT

APPLICATIONS AS OF MAY 31, 2013 (% OF TOTAL THZ PATENTS AND

APPLICATIONS IDENTIFIED) 157

FIGURE 18 U.S. PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS FOR THZ COMPONENTS AND

SUBSYSTEMS AS OF MAY 31, 2013 (% OF TOTAL THZ PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS

IDENTIFIED) 159

FIGURE 19 U.S. PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS FOR COMPLETE THZ

SYSTEMS AS OF MAY 31, 2013 (% OF TOTAL THZ PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS

IDENTIFIED) 160

FIGURE 20 U.S. TERAHERTZ TECHNOLOGY PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS

BY NATIONALITY OF GRANTEE OR APPLICANT AS OF MAY 31, 2013 (% OF TOTAL

THZ PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS IDENTIFIED) 161

FIGURE 21 U.S. TERAHERTZ TECHNOLOGY PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS

BY TYPE OF GRANTEE OR APPLICANT AS OF MAY 31, 2013 (% OF TOTAL THZ

PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS IDENTIFIED) 162

TABLE 39 MAJOR THZ IP PORTFOLIOS (NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS/PATENT

APPLICATIONS) 163

LIST OF TABLES

SUMMARY TABLE A GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ RADIATION DEVICES AND

SYSTEMS, BY TYPE OF SYSTEM, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 7

SUMMARY TABLE B GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ RADIATION DEVICES AND

SYSTEMS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 8

TABLE 1 POTENTIAL END USES AND APPLICATIONS OF THZ RADIATION 34

TABLE 2 MARKET FOR THZ SYSTEMS BY END-USER SEGMENT, 2012–2023 ($

MILLIONS) 35

TABLE 3 COMPANIES THAT MANUFACTURE OR ARE DEVELOPING TERAHERTZ

IMAGING DEVICES 44

TABLE 4 POTENTIAL THZ IMAGING END USES AND APPLICATIONS 44

TABLE 5 THZ NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING APPLICATIONS 49

TABLE 6 MARKET FOR THZ IMAGING BY END-USE, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 54

TABLE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ AND OTHER AIRPORT SECURITY

SCREENING EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 56

TABLE 8 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ IMAGING DEVICES FOR HEALTHCARE

APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 57

TABLE 9 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MEDICAL IMAGING APPLICATIONS,

THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 58

TABLE 10 GLOBAL MARKET FOR INTRAOPERATIVE IMAGING EQUIPMENT, THROUGH

2023 ($ MILLIONS) 58

TABLE 11 MARKET FOR INTRAOPERATIVE TERAHERTZ IMAGING EQUIPMENT,

THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 60

TABLE 12 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ SKIN CANCER IMAGING EQUIPMENT,

THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 60

TABLE 13 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ ENDOSCOPES, THROUGH 2023 ($

MILLIONS) 61

TABLE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ DENTAL CARIES IMAGING EQUIPMENT,

THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 62

TABLE 15 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BURN DIAGNOSTIC INSTRUMENTS,

THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 63

TABLE 16 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ IMAGING EQUIPMENT FOR NDT

APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 64

TABLE 17 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ ASTRONOMICAL IMAGING EQUIPMENT,

THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 65

TABLE 18 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MILITARY RADAR APPLICATIONS,

THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 66

TABLE 19 GLOBAL MARKET FOR COMPACT, LOW COST THZ CAMERAS, THROUGH

2023 ($ MILLIONS) 67

TABLE 20 COMPANIES THAT MANUFACTURE OR ARE DEVELOPING TERAHERTZ

SPECTROSCOPES 73

TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ SPECTROSCOPY EQUIPMENT FOR

SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 75

TABLE 22 POTENTIAL THZ SENSOR END USES AND APPLICATIONS 78

TABLE 23 MARKET FOR THZ SENSORS BY END-USER SEGMENT, THROUGH 2023 ($

MILLIONS) 80

TABLE 24 GLOBAL SECURITY/PUBLIC SAFETY MARKET FOR THZ CHEMICAL WARFARE

AGENT AND TOXIC CHEMICAL DETECTORS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 82

TABLE 25 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN MEDICAL

DIAGNOSTICS APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 83

TABLE 26 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN INDUSTRIAL

PROCESS AND QUALITY CONTROL, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 83

IAS029C – Terahertz Radiation Systems: Technologies and Global Markets

Copyright © BCC Research, Wellesley MA USA, Website: http://www.bccresearch.com/

TABLE HEADING PAGE NO.

TABLE 27 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN INDUSTRIAL

PROCESS AND QUALITY CONTROL, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 84

TABLE 28 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN MEASUREMENT OF

PACKAGE MOISTURE CONTROL, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 84

TABLE 29 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MOISTURE SENSORS USED IN

AGRICULTURE, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 85

TABLE 30 GLOBAL MILITARY/DEFENSE MARKET FOR THZ CHEMICAL WARFARE

AGENT AND TOXIC CHEMICAL DETECTORS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 85

TABLE 31 MARKET FOR THZ COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT BY END-USER SEGMENT,

THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 93

TABLE 32 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ DEVICES USED IN CIVILIAN

COMMUNICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 95

TABLE 33 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ CIVILIAN SATELLITE-TO-SATELLITE

COMMUNICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 96

TABLE 34 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ INDOOR COMMUNICATIONS

EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 97

TABLE 35 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ COMMUNICATION DEVICES USED IN

MILITARY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 98

TABLE 36 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ TACTICAL COMMUNICATIONS

EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 99

TABLE 37 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MILITARY SATELLITE-TO-SATELLITE

COMMUNICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 99

TABLE 38 GLOBAL MARKET FOR THZ HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING

INTERCONNECTS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 103

TABLE 39 MAJOR THZ IP PORTFOLIOS (NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS/PATENT

APPLICATIONS) 163

IAS029C – Terahertz Radiation Systems: Technologies and Global Markets

Copyright © BCC Research, Wellesley MA USA, Website: http://www.bccresearch.com/

LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE TITLE PAGE NO.

SUMMARY FIGURE A GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ RADIATION DEVICES AND

SYSTEMS, BY TYPE OF SYSTEM, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 7

SUMMARY FIGURE B GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ RADIATION DEVICES AND

SYSTEMS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 8

FIGURE 1 SPLIT RING RESONATOR 29

FIGURE 2 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR THZ SYSTEMS, 2012–2023 ($ MILLIONS) 34

FIGURE 3 THZ MARKET SHARES BY END-USER SEGMENT, 2012-2023 (% OF TOTAL

SALES) 36

FIGURE 4 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ IMAGING SYSTEMS,

2012-2023 ($ MILLIONS) 53

FIGURE 5 TRENDS IN THZ IMAGING SYSTEM MARKET SHARES BY TYPE OF

APPLICATION, 2012-2023 (% OF TOTAL MARKET) 55

FIGURE 6 INTRAOPERATIVE IMAGING TECHNOLOGIES MARKET SHARES, 2012 (% OF TOTAL INTRAOPERATIVE IMAGING EQUIPMENT SALES) 58

FIGURE 7 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ SPECTROSCOPY SYSTEMS, 2012-2023 ($ MILLIONS) 74

FIGURE 8 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ SENSORS, 2012–2023 ($ MILLIONS) 79

FIGURE 9 TRENDS IN THZ SENSOR MARKET SHARES BY END-USER SEGMENT,

2012-2023 (% OF TOTAL MARKET) 81

FIGURE 10 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ COMMUNICATION

SYSTEMS, 2012–2023 ($ MILLIONS) 93

FIGURE 11 TRENDS IN THZ COMMUNICATION MARKET SHARES BY END-USER

SEGMENT, 2012-2023 (% OF TOTAL MARKET) 93

FIGURE 12 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES BY NATIONALITY (% OF TOTAL COMPANIES) 108

FIGURE 13 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES BY NATIONALITY (% OF ALL THZ COMPANIES) 109

FIGURE 14 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES BY TYPE OF OWNERSHIP (% OF ALL THZ COMPANIES) 110

FIGURE 15 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES SPECIALIZING IN THZ TECHNOLOGY VS.

COMPANIES WITH OTHER PRODUCT LINES (% OF ALL THZ COMPANIES) 111

FIGURE 16 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES WITH COMMERCIAL PRODUCT (% OF ALL THZ

COMPANIES) 111

FIGURE 17 SUMMARY OF U.S. TERAHERTZ TECHNOLOGY PATENTS AND PATENT

APPLICATIONS AS OF MAY 31, 2013 (% OF TOTAL THZ PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS

IDENTIFIED) 157

FIGURE 18 U.S. PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS FOR THZ COMPONENTS AND

SUBSYSTEMS AS OF MAY 31, 2013 (% OF TOTAL THZ PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS

IDENTIFIED) 159

FIGURE 19 U.S. PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS FOR COMPLETE THZ SYSTEMS

AS OF MAY 31, 2013 (% OF TOTAL THZ PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS IDENTIFIED) 160

FIGURE 20 U.S. TERAHERTZ TECHNOLOGY PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS BY

NATIONALITY OF GRANTEE OR APPLICANT AS OF MAY 31, 2013 (% OF TOTAL THZ

PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS IDENTIFIED) 161

FIGURE 21 U.S. TERAHERTZ TECHNOLOGY PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS BY

TYPE OF GRANTEE OR APPLICANT AS OF MAY 31, 2013 (% OF TOTAL THZ PATENTS

AND APPLICATIONS IDENTIFIED) 162

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Terahertz Radiation Systems: Technologies and Global Markets

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