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Enabling Technologies for the Smart Grid

November 12, 2013

Reportbuyer.com just published a new market research report: Enabling Technologies for the Smart Grid.

London (PRWEB) November 12, 2013

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

This report provides:

An overview of the US market for smart grid, with coverage of the evolution and inspiration through biomimetics and bioinspired designs.

Analyses of US market trends, with data from 2012, estimates for 2013 and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2018.

Discussion of techniques, and properties such as two-way integrated communications, sensing and measurement, advanced components.

Examination of advanced control that enables rapid diagnosis of and precise solutions to specific grid disruptions or outages.

Summary of results of targeted interviews with producers and users of smart grid technologies.

STUDY BACKGROUND

The century-old U.S. electrical grid has been called the largest interconnected machine on earth. It consists of more than 9,200 electric-generating units with more than 1,000,000 MW of generating capacity, connected to more than 300,000 miles of transmission lines. Several years ago, the U.S. National Academy of Engineering voted the national electrification made possible by this grid as the “most significant engineering achievement of the 20th century.” However, the grid is showing its age. There have been massive blackouts in recent years, including the 2003 Northeast blackout, the worst in the nation’s history. Although it was accidental, the 2003 blackout was a reminder of the grid’s vulnerability to terrorist attack. And this blackout was foreshadowed by a troubling trend: According to the Department of Energy, 41% more outages affected 50,000 or more consumers in the second half of the 1990s than in the first half of the decade. The “average” outage affected 15% more consumers from 1996 to 2000 than from 1991 to 1995 (409,854 versus 355,204). Regular power outages and blackouts cost the U.S. economy between $80 billion and $188 billion annually, according to a recent University of Minnesota study. The figure reflects only direct losses to the economy, and does not take into account the inconvenience and frustration experienced by users during a power outage. In addition to growing concerns about the U.S. electric grid’s robustness and reliability, the grid was designed and built with one basic objective in mind — keeping the lights on. Meanwhile, other concerns have become increasingly important in the political and public dialogue about the status and future of the electrical grid, particularly:

Energy efficiency

Environmental impacts

Consumer choice.

Governments and utilities in the U.S. and elsewhere are investing in new technologies in order to build a 21st-century grid that:

Runs more efficiently

Generates higher-quality power

Resists attack

Is self-healing

Enables consumers to manage their energy use better and reduce costs

Integrates decentralized generation (e.g., renewable energy) and storage (such as fuel cell) technologies.

In addition to meeting the need for reliable, high-quality power, these technologies are intended to meet the economy’s energy needs as efficiently as possible, optimizing energy consumption and related environmental impacts such as greenhouse gas emissions.These technologies are often referred to generically as smart grid technologies. Smart grid describes a set of related technologies, rather than specific technology with a generally agreed-on specification. These technologies fall into five main areas:

Two-way integrated communications: allow for real-time control, information and data exchange to optimize system reliability, asset utilization, and security

Sensing and measurement: evaluate congestion and grid stability, congestion and grid stability, monitor equipment health, detect energy theft, and support control strategies support

Advanced components: flexible alternating current transmission system devices, high-voltage direct current, first- and second-generation superconducting wire, high-temperature superconducting cable, distributed energy generation and storage devices, composite conductors, and “intelligent” appliances

Advanced control that enables rapid diagnosis of and precise solutions to specific grid disruptions or outages

Improved interfaces and decision support that reduce complexity so that operators and managers have tools to effectively and efficiently operate a grid with increasing numbers of variables.

GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

This report is an update of an earlier BCC report with the same title that was published in early 2011. Since then, there have been important developments that have the potential to affect the development of the smart grid. A growing number of investor- and publicly-owned utilities have been investing in smart grid projects. Large corporate players such as Google, IBM, GE, and Cisco are showing increasing interest in the smart grid; and there has been a significant increase in the amount of venture capital flowing into smart grid–related investments.On the negative side, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, with its billions of dollars of investments in smart grid technologies, has ended, The slow recovery of the U.S. economy from the 2008 and 2009 recession has dampened the growth of the smart grid, for example, by making it harder for utilities and suppliers to obtain credit, making the weighted average cost of capital higher, and impacting the discounting of costs and benefits in the business case. Regulators in some states (e.g., Maryland and Oklahoma) have rejected utilities’ smart grid proposals, arguing that consumers were expected to bear too much of the cost and risk and that potential returns do not justify the cost.In view of these developments, BCC believes that an update of the earlier report is timely. The overall goal of updating this report is to reassess the business opportunities for providers of smart grid technologies that will arise over the next 5 years as products utilizing these technologies increase their market penetration. In support of this goal, specific objectives of the report include:

Identifying the smart grid technologies with the greatest commercial potential over the next 5 years (2013 to 2018)

Estimating the market for these technologies in 2012

Analyzing the technical, economic, and other demand drivers for these products, and other prerequisites of success in these markets

Projecting the potential U.S. markets for these technologies through 2018

Analyzing macro-level political and economic forces that are helping to shape the market for smart grid technologies.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

The report is intended especially for providers of smart grid technologies and products based on these technologies. Although the report is structured around specific technologies, it is largely nontechnical in nature. That is, it is concerned less with theory and jargon than with what works, how much of the latter the market is likely to purchase, and at what price. As such, the report’s main audience is executive management, marketing, and financial analysts. It is not written specifically for scientists and technologists, although its findings concerning the market for their work, including the availability of government and corporate research funding for different technologies and applications should interest them as well. Others who should find the report informative include government agencies, environmental, and public policy interest groups with an interest in energy, the environment, and sustainable development in general.

SCOPE AND FORMAT

The study covers the major enabling technologies for the smart grid, including:

Communications technologies

Sensing and measurement technologies

Advanced components

Control technologies

Interface and decision support technologies.

The study format includes the following major elements:

Executive summary

Definitions

Benefits of smart grids

Smart grid “roadmap”

Policy, regulatory, and economic environment for the transition to a smart grid

Enabling technologies for the smart grid

Developers and suppliers of smart grid–enabling technologies

Baseline (2012) and projected market for smart grid technologies through 2018

Patent analysis.

METHODOLOGY

The report is based on the results of targeted interviews with producers and users of smart grid technologies, complemented by a thorough literature review and BCC’s internal databases. The base year for analysis and projection is 2012.With 2012 as a baseline, market projections were developed through 2018. These projections are based on a combination of a consensus among the primary contacts combined with BCC’s understanding of the key market drivers and their impact from an historical and analytical perspective. The methodologies and assumptions used to develop the market estimates and projections are described in detail in the chapters on smart grid markets. That way, readers can see how the market estimates were developed and, if they so desire, test the impact on the final numbers of changing assumptions such as price.

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2

STUDY BACKGROUND 2

GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 3

INTENDED AUDIENCE 4

SCOPE AND FORMAT 4

METHODOLOGY 5

AUTHOR'S CREDENTIALS 5

RELATED BCC RESEARCH 5

BCC ON-LINE SERVICES 6

DISCLAIMER 7

CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 9

SUMMARY TABLE U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018

($ MILLIONS) 9

SUMMARY FIGURE U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES, 2012–2018 ($

MILLIONS) 10

CHAPTER 3 "SMART GRIDS": AN OVERVIEW 12

DEFINITIONS 12

BENEFITS OF SMART GRIDS 12

DIRECT BENEFITS 12

Benefits to Utilities 12

Lower Capital Costs 12

Reduced Operating Costs 13

Benefits to Users 13

Improved Quality and Reliability 13

Lower Costs 14

FIGURE 1 AVERAGE RETAIL PRICE OF ELECTRICITY, 2001–2011 (CENTS/KWH) 14

Greater Consumer Choice 15

INDIRECT BENEFITS 15

Reduced Consumption of Fossil Fuels 15

FIGURE 2 U.S. ELECTRICITY GENERATION BY FUEL TYPE, 2012 (%) 15

TABLE 1 U.S. CONSUMPTION OF FOSSIL FUELS FOR ELECTRICITY GENERATION,

THROUGH 2012 17

Improved Balance of Payments Position 17

FIGURE 3 U.S. FOSSIL FUEL IMPORTS, 2011 (PERCENT OF TOTAL FOSSIL FUEL

IMPORTS) 18

Enhanced National Security 19

Job Creation 19

Economic Development 19

Environmental Benefits 20

THE PATH TO A SMART GRID 21

GRID 2030 21

National Electricity "Backbone" 21

Regional Interconnections 22

Local Distribution, Mini- and Micro-Grids 22

NATIONAL ELECTRIC DELIVERY TECHNOLOGIES ROADMAP 22

FIGURE 4 NATIONAL ELECTRICITY DELIVERY TECHNOLOGIES OVERALL ROADMAP 22

FIGURE 5 NATIONAL ELECTRICITY DELIVERY ROADMAP FOR DEVELOPING CRITICAL

TECHNOLOGIES 24

EARLY ADOPTERS 25

Southern California Edison Company 25

Pacific Northwest Smart Grid Demonstration Project 26

TXU Energy Broadband over Power Line Smart Grid 27

Xcel Energy Smart Grid City 28

Austin Energy Smart Grid Program 29

Other Projects 29

ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE SMART GRID 29

TABLE 2 MAJOR CLASSES OF SMART GRID–ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES 29

COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES 30

SENSING AND MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES 30

ADVANCED COMPONENTS 30

CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES 31

INTERFACE AND DECISION-SUPPORT TECHNOLOGIES 31

MARKET SUMMARY 31

TABLE 3 U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES BY TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 31

FIGURE 6 U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES, 2012–2018 ($ MILLIONS) 32

FIGURE 7 U.S. SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES MARKET SHARES, 2012–2018 (%) 32

CHAPTER 4 MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR SMART GRID-ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES 35

LEGAL AND REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT 35

BARRIERS TO SMART GRID DEPLOYMENT 35

Federal-State Coordination 35

Cost Recovery 35

Other Incentives to Increase Grid Efficiency 36

Least Cost Planning 37

Environmental, Public Health and Safety Impacts 37

Lack of Standards 38

LEGISLATION AND REGULATION 38

Federal Initiatives 38

Energy Policy Act of 2005 38

Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 39

Section 1301. Statement of Policy on Modernization of

Electricity Grid 39

Section 1302. Smart Grid System Report 39

Section 1303. Smart Grid Advisory Committee and Smart

Grid Task Force 40

Section 1304. Smart Grid Technology Research,

Development, and Demonstration 40

Section 1305. Smart Grid Interoperability Framework 41

Section 1306. Federal Matching Funds for Smart Grid

Investment Costs 41

Section 1307. State Consideration of Smart Grid 41

Section 1308. Study of the Effect of Private Wire Laws on

the Development of Combined Heat and Power Facilities 41

Section 1309. DOE Study of Security Attributes of Smart

Grid Systems 41

Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 41

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 42

Smart Grid Advancement Act of 2013 42

Federal Regulation 43

Rulings Expanding Use of Demand Response 44

Assessment of Demand Response and Advanced Metering 44

Interim Rate Policy 44

Smart Grid Standards 45

State Legislation and Regulation 45

Arizona 45

Regulatory Activities 45

California 46

Legislation 46

California Senate Bill 17 46

California Senate Bill 1491 47

Regulatory Activities 47

Colorado 48

Legislation 48

House Bill 07-1037 48

Regulatory Activities 48

Illinois 48

Legislation 48

Senate Bill 1592 48

Regulatory Activities 49

Maryland 49

Legislation 49

EmPower Maryland Energy Efficiency Act 49

Regulatory Activities 49

Massachusetts 50

Legislation 50

Green Communities Act 50

Regulatory Activities 51

Michigan 51

Legislation 51

Regulatory Activities 51

New Jersey 52

Regulatory Activities 52

Oregon 52

Regulatory Activities 52

Pennsylvania 52

Legislation 52

Act 129 53

Regulatory Activities 53

Texas 53

Legislation 53

SB 3693 53

Regulatory Activities 53

Vermont 54

Legislation 54

Energy Efficiency and Affordability Act of 2008 54

Regulatory Activities 54

FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT 55

FINANCING THE SMART GRID 55

Government-Funded Programs 55

Government-Funded R&D 55

Federal R&D 55

State-Financed R&D 55

Smart Grid Pilot and Demonstration Projects 56

Matching Grants for Smart Grid Investments 56

Capital Investments 56

American Reinvestment and Recovery Plan of 2009 56

UTILITIES 56

R&D 57

CHAPTER 5 INTEGRATED COMMUNICATIONS FOR SMART GRIDS: TECHNOLOGIES

AND MARKETS 60

SUMMARY 60

TABLE 4 U.S. MARKET FOR INTEGRATED SMART GRID COMMUNICATIONS

TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 60

FIGURE 8 TRENDS IN U.S. MARKET FOR INTEGRATED SMART GRID

COMMUNICATIONS, 2012–2018 ($ MILLIONS) 60

HOME AREA NETWORKS 61

TECHNOLOGIES 61

TABLE 5 ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID HOME AREA NETWORKS 62

ZigBee 62

Wi-Fi 63

Z-Wave 63

In-Home Power Line Communications 63

USNAP 64

COMMERCIAL STATUS AND OBSTACLES TO DEPLOYMENT 64

PRODUCERS AND DEVELOPERS 64

TABLE 6 COMPANIES THAT MARKET OR ARE DEVELOPING COMMUNICATIONS

TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID HANS 65

MARKETS 65

TABLE 7 MARKET FOR SMART GRID HAN COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 66

NEIGHBORHOOD AREA NETWORKS 66

TECHNOLOGIES 66

TABLE 8 ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID NEIGHBORHOOD AREA

NETWORKS 67

Broadband over Power Line 67

Meshed Wi-Fi 67

ZigBee 68

WiMAX 68

Licensed Spectrum 68

COMMERCIAL STATUS AND OBSTACLES TO DEPLOYMENT 69

PROVIDERS 70

TABLE 9 COMPANIES THAT MARKET OR ARE DEVELOPING COMMUNICATIONS

TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID NANS 70

MARKET 70

TABLE 10 MARKET FOR SMART GRID NAN COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES,

THROUGH 2018 (MILLION CONNECTIONS/$ MILLIONS) 71

BACKBONE COMMUNICATIONS 71

TECHNOLOGIES 71

MARKETS 72

TABLE 11 MARKET FOR SMART GRID BACKBONE COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 72

CHAPTER 6 SENSING AND MEASUREMENT FOR SMART GRIDS: TECHNOLOGIES AND

MARKETS 74

SUMMARY 74

TABLE 12 U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID SENSING AND MEASUREMENT

TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 74

FIGURE 9 TRENDS IN THE U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID SENSING AND

MEASUREMENT, 2012–2018 ($ MILLIONS) 74

SMART METERING 75

TECHNOLOGIES 76

COMMERCIAL STATUS AND BARRIERS TO DEPLOYMENT 77

PRODUCERS 78

TABLE 13 SMART METER PRODUCERS 79

MARKET 79

TABLE 14 MARKET FOR SMART METERS AND RELATED TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH

2018 ($ MILLIONS) 79

WIDE-AREA MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS 80

TECHNOLOGY 80

COMMERCIAL STATUS AND BARRIERS TO DEPLOYMENT 80

PROVIDERS 80

TABLE 15 PROVIDERS OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID WAMS 81

MARKETS 81

TABLE 16 MARKET FOR PMUS AND RELATED WAMS TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH

2018 ($ MILLIONS) 81

DYNAMIC LINE-RATING SENSORS 82

TECHNOLOGY 83

Online Methods 83

Offline Methods 83

COMMERCIAL STATUS AND BARRIERS TO DEPLOYMENT 83

PROVIDERS 83

TABLE 17 PROVIDERS OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID WAMS 84

MARKET 84

TABLE 18 MARKET FOR DYNAMIC LINE-RATING SENSORS AND RELATED

TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 84

INSULATOR LEAKAGE SENSORS 84

TECHNOLOGIES 85

COMMERCIAL STATUS AND BARRIERS TO DEPLOYMENT 85

PROVIDERS 85

MARKET 85

TABLE 19 U.S. MARKET FOR REMOTE INSULATOR LEAKAGE CURRENT SENSORS

FOR SMART GRID APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 86

OTHER MONITORING SYSTEMS 86

TECHNOLOGIES 86

COMMERCIAL STATUS AND OBSTACLES TO DEPLOYMENT 87

PROVIDERS 87

TABLE 20 PROVIDERS OF OTHER TYPES OF SMART GRID SENSING AND

MEASURING TECHNOLOGIES 87

MARKETS 87

TABLE 21 U.S. MARKET FOR OTHER MONITORING AND SENSING TECHNOLOGIES

FOR SMART GRID APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 88

CHAPTER 7 ADVANCED COMPONENTS FOR SMART GRIDS: TECHNOLOGIES AND

MARKETS 90

SUMMARY 90

TABLE 22 U.S. MARKET FOR ADVANCED SMART GRID COMPONENTS, THROUGH

2018 ($ MILLIONS) 90

FIGURE 10 TRENDS IN U.S. MARKET FOR ADVANCED SMART GRID COMPONENTS,

2012–2018 ($ MILLIONS) 91

POWER ELECTRONICS 91

TECHNOLOGIES 91

TABLE 23 TYPES OF POWER ELECTRONIC DEVICES 92

COMMERCIAL STATUS AND OBSTACLES TO DEPLOYMENT 93

PROVIDERS 93

TABLE 24 PROVIDERS OF POWER ELECTRONICS DEVICES FOR SMART GRID

APPLICATIONS 93

MARKETS 94

TABLE 25 U.S. POWER ELECTRONICS MARKET FOR SMART GRID APPLICATIONS,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 94

FAULT CURRENT LIMITERS 94

TECHNOLOGY 95

Resistive FCLs 95

Inductive FCLs 96

COMMERCIAL STATUS AND OBSTACLES TO DEPLOYMENT 96

PROVIDERS 96

TABLE 26 SUPPLIERS OF FAULT CURRENT LIMITERS 96

MARKET 97

TABLE 27 U.S. ELECTRIC UTILITY MARKET FOR FAULT CURRENT LIMITERS,

THROUGH 2018 97

HIGH-CAPACITY TRANSMISSION CABLE 97

TECHNOLOGIES 98

Superconducting Cable 98

High-Capacity Overhead Conductor Cable 99

Aluminum-Conductor Composite Core Cable 99

Aluminum-Conductor Composite Reinforced Cable 99

Annealed Aluminum, Steel-Supported Trapezoidal Cross-Section

Conductor Wire 100

COMMERCIAL STATUS AND BARRIERS TO DEPLOYMENT 100

PROVIDERS 101

TABLE 28 PROVIDERS OF HIGH-CAPACITY TRANSMISSION CABLE FOR THE SMART

GRID 101

MARKET 101

TABLE 29 MARKET FOR ADVANCED ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION CABLE, THROUGH

2018 ($ MILLIONS) 102

Superconducting Cable 102

TABLE 30 MARKET FOR SUPERCONDUCTING ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION CABLE,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 102

High-Capacity Overhead Conductor Cable 103

TABLE 31 MARKET FOR HIGH-CAPACITY OVERHEAD CONDUCTOR CABLE,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 103

DISTRIBUTED ENERGY RESOURCES 104

TABLE 32 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND POWER STORAGE

SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 104

DISTRIBUTED GENERATION DEVICES 104

Technologies 104

Photovoltaics 105

TABLE 33 MAJOR PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGIES 105

Wind Turbine 105

Microturbines 106

Fuel Cells 107

TABLE 34 MAJOR FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES 107

Providers 107

TABLE 35 PROVIDERS OF DISTRIBUTED GENERATION EQUIPMENT 107

Markets 108

TABLE 36 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED GENERATION SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($

MILLIONS) 109

Photovoltaics 109

TABLE 37 PROJECTED U.S. CONSUMPTION OF PHOTOVOLTAICS, THROUGH 2018

(MW/$ MILLION) 109

TABLE 38 PROJECTED U.S. MARKET FOR GRID-CONNECTED PHOTOVOLTAICS,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 110

Wind Turbines 110

TABLE 39 PROJECTED U.S. MARKET FOR WIND TURBINES, THROUGH 2018 (GW/$

MILLIONS) 110

Fuel Cells 111

TABLE 40 U.S. FUEL CELL MARKET BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH 2018 ($

MILLIONS) 111

Microturbines 111

TABLE 41 PROJECTED U.S. MARKET FOR GRID-CONNECTED MICROTURBINES,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 112

DISTRIBUTED STORAGE SYSTEMS 112

Technologies 112

Sodium Batteries 113

Vanadium Redox Batteries 114

Supercapacitors 115

Superconducting Power Storage 115

Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage 116

Superconducting Flywheel Energy Storage 116

Compressed-Air Energy Storage 117

Plug-In Hybrid and All-Electric Vehicles 117

Providers 119

TABLE 42 PROVIDERS OF DISTRIBUTED STORAGE EQUIPMENT 119

Markets 120

TABLE 43 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED STORAGE SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($

MILLIONS) 120

Sodium Batteries 120

TABLE 44 U.S. MARKET FOR NAS AND OTHER SODIUM BATTERY POWER STORAGE

SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 121

Vanadium Redox Batteries 121

TABLE 45 U.S. MARKET FOR VANADIUM REDOX BATTERY DISTRIBUTED POWER

STORAGE SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 121

Superconducting Magnetic and Flywheel Storage 121

TABLE 46 U.S. MARKET FOR SUPERCONDUCTING POWER STORAGE SYSTEMS,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 122

Supercapacitors 122

TABLE 47 U.S. MARKET FOR SUPERCAPACITOR STORAGE SYSTEMS, THROUGH

2018 ($ MILLIONS) 123

Compressed-Air Storage 123

TABLE 48 U.S. MARKET FOR COMPRESSED AIR STORAGE SYSTEMS, THROUGH

2018 ($ MILLIONS) 123

Plug-In Hybrid and All-Electric Vehicle Storage 123

TABLE 49 U.S. MARKET FOR GRID-CONNECTED PHEVS, THROUGH 2018 (NUMBER

OF VEHICLES/$ MILLIONS) 124

CHAPTER 8 ADVANCED CONTROLS FOR SMART GRIDS: TECHNOLOGIES AND

MARKETS 126

SUMMARY 126

TABLE 50 U.S. MARKET FOR ADVANCED SMART GRID CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 126

FIGURE 11 TRENDS IN THE U.S. MARKET FOR ADVANCED SMART GRID CONTROL

TECHNOLOGIES, 2012–2018 ($ MILLIONS) 127

DISTRIBUTED INTELLIGENT AGENTS 127

TECHNOLOGIES 127

Digital Protective Relays 127

Intelligent Tap Changers 128

Dynamic Circuit-Rating Tools 128

Distributed Energy Management Systems 128

Grid-Friendly Appliance Controllers 129

Dynamic Distributed Power Flow Controllers 129

PRODUCERS AND DEVELOPERS 130

TABLE 51 PROVIDERS OF DISTRIBUTED INTELLIGENT AGENTS 131

MARKET 131

TABLE 52 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED INTELLIGENT AGENTS, THROUGH 2018 ($

MILLIONS) 131

Digital Protective Relays 132

TABLE 53 MARKET FOR DIGITAL PROTECTIVE RELAYS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 132

Intelligent Tap Changers 132

TABLE 54 MARKET FOR INTELLIGENT TAP CHANGERS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 133

Distributed Energy Management Systems 133

TABLE 55 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS, THROUGH

2018 ($ MILLIONS) 133

Grid-Friendly Appliance Controllers 134

TABLE 56 MARKET FOR GRID-FRIENDLY APPLIANCE CONTROLLERS, THROUGH

2013 ($ MILLIONS) 134

Distributed Power-Flow Controllers 134

TABLE 57 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED POWER-FLOW CONTROLLERS, THROUGH

2018 ($ MILLIONS) 134

HIGH-PERFORMANCE COMPUTING 135

TECHNOLOGIES 135

MARKETS 137

TABLE 58 UTILITY MARKET DISTRIBUTED AND CLOUD COMPUTING TECHNOLOGIES,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 137

CENTRALIZED CONTROL APPLICATIONS 137

TECHNOLOGIES 137

TABLE 59 CENTRALIZED APPLICATIONS FOR THE SMART GRID 138

PROVIDERS 139

TABLE 60 PROVIDERS OF CENTRALIZED SMART GRID CONTROL APPLICATIONS 139

MARKETS 140

TABLE 61 MARKET FOR CENTRALIZED SMART GRID CONTROL APPLICATIONS,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 140

INTERFACES AND DECISION-SUPPORT SYSTEMS 140

TECHNOLOGIES 140

TABLE 62 INTERFACE AND DECISION-SUPPORT TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE SMART

GRID 140

PRODUCERS AND DEVELOPERS 141

TABLE 63 PROVIDERS OF INTERFACE AND DECISION-SUPPORT TECHNOLOGIES

FOR SMART GRID APPLICATIONS 142

MARKET 142

TABLE 64 MARKET FOR INTERFACE AND DECISION-SUPPORT TECHNOLOGIES FOR

SMART GRID APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 142

CHAPTER 9 APPENDIX A: SELECTED COMPANY PROFILES 144

INTEGRATED COMMUNICATIONS 144

ALVARION, INC. 144

AMBIENT CORP. 144

AMPERION, INC. 144

ARKADOS GROUP, INC. 145

CURRENT COMMUNICATIONS GROUP, LLC 145

EMBER CORP. 145

GAINSPAN CORP. 146

GRIDNET, INC. 146

MAIN.NET POWER LINE COMMUNICATIONS, INC. 147

MMB NETWORKS, INC. 147

RUGGEDCOM INC. 147

SMARTSYNCH 148

TELKONET, INC. 148

TRILLIANT NETWORKS 148

SMART GRID SENSING AND MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES 149

SMART METERS 149

Echelon Corp. 149

Elster LLC 149

eMeter Corp. 149

EnergyICT Inc. 150

Itron, Inc. 150

Landis+Gyr AG 151

Sensus Metering Systems 151

WIRE AREA MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS 151

Doubletree Systems, Inc. 151

Macrodyne, Inc. 152

PowerWorld Corp. 152

DYNAMIC LINE RATING 152

Electrotech, Inc. 152

The Valley Group, Inc. 153

Usi Power 153

INSULATOR CURRENT LEAKAGE SENSORS 153

PSP Technologies, Inc. 153

TPX Energy 154

OTHER SENSORS 154

FISO 154

Intelligent Controls, Inc. 154

ADVANCED COMPONENTS 155

POWER ELECTRONICS 155

Satcon Technology Corporation 155

Xantrex Technology Inc. 155

FAULT CURRENT LIMITERS 156

Nexans 156

Superpower Inc. 156

TRANSMISSION CABLE 156

3M Company 156

American Superconductor Corp. 157

Composite Technology Corp. 157

Comverge, Inc. 157

EnerNOC, Inc. 158

Hyper Tech Research, Inc. 158

Metal Oxide Technologies Inc. 159

Southwire Co. 159

DISTRIBUTED GENERATION 160

MICROTURBINES 160

Capstone Turbine Corp. 160

PHOTOVOLTAICS 160

First Solar Inc. 160

HelioVolt Corp. 160

FUEL CELLS 161

Fuel Cell Energy, Inc. 161

Materials and Systems Research, Inc. 161

DISTRIBUTED STORAGE 162

Maxwell Technologies, Inc. 162

NGK Insulators, Ltd. 162

SMART GRID CONTROLS 162

DISTRIBUTED INTELLIGENT AGENTS 162

BPL GLOBAL, LTD. 162

GridPoint, Inc. 163

CENTRALIZED CONTROL APPLICATIONS 163

Intergraph Corp. 163

Milsoft Utility Solutions 164

Silver Spring Networks 164

INTERFACE AND DECISION SUPPORT 165

Space-Time Insight 165

CHAPTER 10 APPENDIX B: PATENT ANALYSIS 167

TABLE 65 NUMBER OF U.S. SMART GRID–RELATED PATENTS BY TYPE OF

TECHNOLOGY 167

FIGURE 12 U.S. SMART GRID–RELATED PATENTS BY TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY, AS OF

JULY 25, 2013 (%) 167

LIST OF TABLES

SUMMARY TABLE U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018

($ MILLIONS) 9

TABLE 1 U.S. CONSUMPTION OF FOSSIL FUELS FOR ELECTRICITY GENERATION,

THROUGH 2012 17

TABLE 2 MAJOR CLASSES OF SMART GRID–ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES 29

TABLE 3 U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES BY TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 31

TABLE 4 U.S. MARKET FOR INTEGRATED SMART GRID COMMUNICATIONS

TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 60

TABLE 5 ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID HOME AREA NETWORKS 62

TABLE 6 COMPANIES THAT MARKET OR ARE DEVELOPING COMMUNICATIONS

TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID HANS 65

TABLE 7 MARKET FOR SMART GRID HAN COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 66

TABLE 8 ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID NEIGHBORHOOD AREA

NETWORKS 67

TABLE 9 COMPANIES THAT MARKET OR ARE DEVELOPING COMMUNICATIONS

TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID NANS 70

TABLE 10 MARKET FOR SMART GRID NAN COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES,

THROUGH 2018 (MILLION CONNECTIONS/$ MILLIONS) 71

TABLE 11 MARKET FOR SMART GRID BACKBONE COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 72

TABLE 12 U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID SENSING AND MEASUREMENT

TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 74

TABLE 13 SMART METER PRODUCERS 79

TABLE 14 MARKET FOR SMART METERS AND RELATED TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH

2018 ($ MILLIONS) 79

TABLE 15 PROVIDERS OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID WAMS 81

TABLE 16 MARKET FOR PMUS AND RELATED WAMS TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018

($ MILLIONS) 81

TABLE 17 PROVIDERS OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID WAMS 84

TABLE 18 MARKET FOR DYNAMIC LINE-RATING SENSORS AND RELATED

TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 84

TABLE 19 U.S. MARKET FOR REMOTE INSULATOR LEAKAGE CURRENT SENSORS FOR

SMART GRID APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 86

TABLE 20 PROVIDERS OF OTHER TYPES OF SMART GRID SENSING AND MEASURING

TECHNOLOGIES 87

TABLE 21 U.S. MARKET FOR OTHER MONITORING AND SENSING TECHNOLOGIES

FOR SMART GRID APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 88

TABLE 22 U.S. MARKET FOR ADVANCED SMART GRID COMPONENTS, THROUGH

2018 ($ MILLIONS) 90

TABLE 23 TYPES OF POWER ELECTRONIC DEVICES 92

TABLE 24 PROVIDERS OF POWER ELECTRONICS DEVICES FOR SMART GRID

APPLICATIONS 93

TABLE 25 U.S. POWER ELECTRONICS MARKET FOR SMART GRID APPLICATIONS,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 94

TABLE 26 SUPPLIERS OF FAULT CURRENT LIMITERS 96

TABLE 27 U.S. ELECTRIC UTILITY MARKET FOR FAULT CURRENT LIMITERS, THROUGH

2018 97

TABLE 28 PROVIDERS OF HIGH-CAPACITY TRANSMISSION CABLE FOR THE SMART

GRID 101

TABLE 29 MARKET FOR ADVANCED ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION CABLE, THROUGH

2018 ($ MILLIONS) 102

TABLE 30 MARKET FOR SUPERCONDUCTING ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION CABLE,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 102

TABLE 31 MARKET FOR HIGH-CAPACITY OVERHEAD CONDUCTOR CABLE, THROUGH

2018 ($ MILLIONS) 103

TABLE 32 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND POWER STORAGE SYSTEMS,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 104

TABLE 33 MAJOR PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGIES 105

TABLE 34 MAJOR FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES 107

TABLE 35 PROVIDERS OF DISTRIBUTED GENERATION EQUIPMENT 107

TABLE 36 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED GENERATION SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($

MILLIONS) 109

TABLE 37 PROJECTED U.S. CONSUMPTION OF PHOTOVOLTAICS, THROUGH 2018

(MW/$ MILLION) 109

TABLE 38 PROJECTED U.S. MARKET FOR GRID-CONNECTED PHOTOVOLTAICS,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 110

TABLE 39 PROJECTED U.S. MARKET FOR WIND TURBINES, THROUGH 2018 (GW/$

MILLIONS) 110

TABLE 40 U.S. FUEL CELL MARKET BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH 2018 ($

MILLIONS) 111

TABLE 41 PROJECTED U.S. MARKET FOR GRID-CONNECTED MICROTURBINES,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 112

TABLE 42 PROVIDERS OF DISTRIBUTED STORAGE EQUIPMENT 119

TABLE 43 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED STORAGE SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($

MILLIONS) 120

TABLE 44 U.S. MARKET FOR NAS AND OTHER SODIUM BATTERY POWER STORAGE

SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 121

TABLE 45 U.S. MARKET FOR VANADIUM REDOX BATTERY DISTRIBUTED POWER

STORAGE SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 121

TABLE 46 U.S. MARKET FOR SUPERCONDUCTING POWER STORAGE SYSTEMS,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 122

TABLE 47 U.S. MARKET FOR SUPERCAPACITOR STORAGE SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018

($ MILLIONS) 123

TABLE 48 U.S. MARKET FOR COMPRESSED AIR STORAGE SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018

($ MILLIONS) 123

TABLE 49 U.S. MARKET FOR GRID-CONNECTED PHEVS, THROUGH 2018 (NUMBER OF

VEHICLES/$ MILLIONS) 124

TABLE 50 U.S. MARKET FOR ADVANCED SMART GRID CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 126

TABLE 51 PROVIDERS OF DISTRIBUTED INTELLIGENT AGENTS 131

TABLE 52 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED INTELLIGENT AGENTS, THROUGH 2018 ($

MILLIONS) 131

TABLE 53 MARKET FOR DIGITAL PROTECTIVE RELAYS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 132

TABLE 54 MARKET FOR INTELLIGENT TAP CHANGERS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 133

TABLE 55 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS, THROUGH

2018 ($ MILLIONS) 133

TABLE 56 MARKET FOR GRID-FRIENDLY APPLIANCE CONTROLLERS, THROUGH 2013

($ MILLIONS) 134

TABLE 57 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED POWER-FLOW CONTROLLERS, THROUGH 2018

($ MILLIONS) 134

TABLE 58 UTILITY MARKET DISTRIBUTED AND CLOUD COMPUTING TECHNOLOGIES,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 137

TABLE 59 CENTRALIZED APPLICATIONS FOR THE SMART GRID 138

TABLE 60 PROVIDERS OF CENTRALIZED SMART GRID CONTROL APPLICATIONS 139

TABLE 61 MARKET FOR CENTRALIZED SMART GRID CONTROL APPLICATIONS,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 140

TABLE 62 INTERFACE AND DECISION-SUPPORT TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE SMART

GRID 140

TABLE 63 PROVIDERS OF INTERFACE AND DECISION-SUPPORT TECHNOLOGIES FOR

SMART GRID APPLICATIONS 142

TABLE 64 MARKET FOR INTERFACE AND DECISION-SUPPORT TECHNOLOGIES FOR

SMART GRID APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 142

TABLE 65 NUMBER OF U.S. SMART GRID–RELATED PATENTS BY TYPE OF

TECHNOLOGY 167

LIST OF FIGURES

SUMMARY FIGURE U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES, 2012–2018 ($

MILLIONS) 10

FIGURE 1 AVERAGE RETAIL PRICE OF ELECTRICITY, 2001–2011 (CENTS/KWH) 14

FIGURE 2 U.S. ELECTRICITY GENERATION BY FUEL TYPE, 2012 (%) 15

FIGURE 3 U.S. FOSSIL FUEL IMPORTS, 2011 (PERCENT OF TOTAL FOSSIL FUEL

IMPORTS) 18

FIGURE 4 NATIONAL ELECTRICITY DELIVERY TECHNOLOGIES OVERALL ROADMAP 22

FIGURE 5 NATIONAL ELECTRICITY DELIVERY ROADMAP FOR DEVELOPING CRITICAL

TECHNOLOGIES 24

FIGURE 6 U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES, 2012–2018 ($ MILLIONS) 32

FIGURE 7 U.S. SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES MARKET SHARES, 2012–2018 (%) 32

FIGURE 8 TRENDS IN U.S. MARKET FOR INTEGRATED SMART GRID

COMMUNICATIONS, 2012–2018 ($ MILLIONS) 60

FIGURE 9 TRENDS IN THE U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID SENSING AND

MEASUREMENT, 2012–2018 ($ MILLIONS) 74

FIGURE 10 TRENDS IN U.S. MARKET FOR ADVANCED SMART GRID COMPONENTS,

2012–2018 ($ MILLIONS) 91

FIGURE 11 TRENDS IN THE U.S. MARKET FOR ADVANCED SMART GRID CONTROL

TECHNOLOGIES, 2012–2018 ($ MILLIONS) 127

FIGURE 12 U.S. SMART GRID–RELATED PATENTS BY TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY, AS OF

JULY 25, 2013 (%) 167

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Enabling Technologies for the Smart Grid

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For the original version on PRWeb visit: http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/11/prweb11316771.htm


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