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North and South America Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2013

November 26, 2013

Reportbuyer.com just published a new market research report: North and South America Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2013.

London (PRWEB) November 26, 2013

North and South America Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2013

Summary

“North and South America Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2013” is the latest policy report from GlobalData, the industry analysis specialists that offer comprehensive information on major policies governing renewable energy market in the region. The report presents an in-depth analysis of the renewable energy policies across the major countries in North and South America namely the US, Canada, Brazil, Argentina and Mexico. The report provides the current and future renewable energy targets and plans along with the present policy framework, giving a fair idea of overall growth potential of their renewable energy industry. The report also provides major technology specific policies and incentives provided in each of these countries. The report also provides insights to major policy initiatives for the market development of renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, geothermal, biopower and biofuels.

The report is built using data and information sourced from industry associations, government websites and statutory bodies. The information is also sourced through other secondary research sources such as industry and trade magazines.

Scope

-The report covers policy measures and incentives used by the major countries in North and South America to promote renewable energy.

-The report details promotional measures in different countries both for the overall renewable energy industry and for specific renewable energy technologies namely solar, wind, geothermal, hydro and bioenergy.

-The report also highlights the differences and focus of the renewable energy policy frameworks in different countries in North and South America.

-The report provides a platform for comparison of various renewable energy policies across countries. Major countries include the US, Canada, Brazil, Argentina and Mexico.

Reasons to buy

The report will enhance your decision making capability in a more rapid and time sensitive manner. It will allow you to –

-Develop business strategies with the help of specific insights about policy decisions being taken on renewable energy by different markets.

-Identify opportunities and challenges in exploiting the renewable energy markets.

-Compare the level of support provided to different renewable energy technologies in different countries.

-Increase future revenue and profitability with the help of insights on the future opportunities and critical success factors in the renewable energy market.

Table of Contents

1 Table of Contents 4

1.1 List of Tables 15

1.2 List of Figures 18

2 Introduction to Renewable Energy Policy 20

2.1 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Global, Overview 20

2.2 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Global, Major Policy Measures 21

2.2.1 Feed-in Tariff Programs 21

2.2.2 Renewable Portfolio Standards 21

2.2.3 Tradable Renewable Energy Certificates Systems 22

2.2.4 Capital Subsidies, Grants/Rebates 22

2.2.5 Energy Production Payments/Investments or Other Tax Credits 22

2.2.6 Tax Reductions 22

2.2.7 Net Metering 22

2.2.8 Public Investment Loans 23

2.3 Comparison of Major Policy Instruments by Country 23

2.4 GlobalData Report Guidance 25

3 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, The US 26

3.1 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, The US, Federal Incentives 29

3.1.1 Energy Policy Act 1992 29

3.1.2 Energy Policy Act 2005 30

3.1.3 Energy Independence and Security Act, 2007 31

3.1.4 The Energy Improvement and Extension Act of 2008 31

3.1.5 The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act 32

3.1.6 Corporate Tax Credits 33

3.1.7 Federal Grants 37

3.1.8 Federal Loan Program 49

3.1.9 Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System 51

3.1.10 Renewable Energy Production Incentives 53

3.1.11 Other Federal Policies 53

3.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Federal Incentives 56

3.2.1 The Solar America Initiative 58

3.2.2 SunShot Initiative 58

3.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Federal Incentives 59

3.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Geothermal, Federal Incentives 61

3.4.1 GeoPowering the West Initiative 62

3.4.2 Geothermal Technology Program Funding 62

3.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydro, Federal Incentives 64

3.5.1 Hydroelectric Production Incentives 64

3.5.2 Hydroelectric Efficiency Improvement 64

3.6 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Federal Incentives 65

3.6.1 Energy Policy Act – Alternative Fuels 65

3.6.2 Regional Biofuels Promotion Plan 65

3.6.3 Farm Bill 2008 – Title IX 66

3.6.4 Energy Independence and Security Act 67

3.6.5 Federal Tax Credits 71

3.6.6 Import Duty on Fuel Ethanol 76

3.6.7 Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 76

3.7 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, The US, State Level Incentives 77

3.7.1 Renewable Portfolio Standards 77

3.7.2 Renewable Energy Certificates 79

3.7.3 Public Benefit Funds 79

3.7.4 Interconnection Standards 80

3.7.5 Net Metering Laws 81

3.8 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, California 81

3.8.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, California 81

3.8.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, California 87

3.8.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, California 98

3.8.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydro, California 98

3.8.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Geothermal, California 99

3.8.6 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, California 100

3.9 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Colorado 102

3.9.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Colorado 102

3.9.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Colorado 111

3.9.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydro, Colorado 112

3.9.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Colorado 112

3.10 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Iowa 115

3.10.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Iowa 115

3.10.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Iowa 121

3.10.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Iowa 121

3.10.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Iowa 123

3.11 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Minnesota 125

3.11.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Minnesota 125

3.11.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Minnesota 131

3.11.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydro, Minnesota 131

3.11.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Minnesota 132

3.12 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Nevada 134

3.12.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Nevada 134

3.12.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Nevada 139

3.12.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Nevada 139

3.12.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydro, Nevada 139

3.13 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, New Jersey 140

3.13.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, New Jersey 140

3.13.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, New Jersey 148

3.13.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, New Jersey 152

3.13.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, New Jersey 152

3.14 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, New York 153

3.14.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, New York 153

3.14.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, New York 158

3.14.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, New York 160

3.14.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, New York 160

3.15 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Oregon 163

3.15.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Oregon 163

3.15.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Oregon 172

3.15.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Oregon 175

3.15.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Oregon 176

3.16 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Texas 178

3.16.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Texas 178

3.16.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Texas 182

3.16.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Texas 186

3.16.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Texas 187

3.17 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Washington 188

3.17.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Washington 188

3.17.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Washington 193

3.17.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Washington 195

3.17.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Electric Vehicles, Washington 197

4 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Canada 198

4.1 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Canada, Major Policies and Incentives 198

4.2 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Canada, Federal Incentives 201

4.2.1 Canada – Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership 201

4.2.2 Canadian Renewable Conservation Expenses 201

4.2.3 Implementing Agreement on Renewable Energy Technology Deployment 202

4.2.4 ecoENERGY for Renewable Power Program 202

4.2.5 ecoENERGY for Aboriginal and Northern Communities Program 203

4.2.6 ecoENERGY Technology Initiative 203

4.2.7 Trust Fund for Clean Air and Climate Change 203

4.2.8 Accelerated Capital Cost Allowance 204

4.2.9 Clean Energy Fund: Renewable Energy and Clean Energy Systems Demonstration Projects 205

4.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Federal Incentives 206

4.3.1 ecoENERGY Retrofit 207

4.3.2 Tax Credit 207

4.3.3 Main Provincial Solar Support Programs 208

4.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Federal Incentives 209

4.4.1 Wind Power Production Incentive 210

4.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Geothermal, Federal Incentives 211

4.5.1 Canadian GeoExchange Coalition 211

4.5.2 Geothermal Heat Pump Tax Credit 211

4.6 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydro, Federal Incentives 211

4.7 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Federal Incentives 212

4.7.1 Biofuel Regulation 212

4.7.2 Biofuels Bill 212

4.7.3 Canadian Agricultural Adaptation Program 212

4.7.4 ecoENERGY for Biofuels 213

4.8 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Canada, Provincial Incentives 215

4.8.1 Eastern Provincial Programs 216

4.8.2 Western Provincial Programs 216

4.9 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Alberta 217

4.9.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Alberta 217

4.9.2 Alberta, Climate Change Strategy 217

4.9.3 Alberta, Provincial Energy Strategy 218

4.9.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Alberta 219

4.9.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Alberta 221

4.10 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, British Columbia 228

4.10.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, British Columbia 228

4.11 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Nova Scotia 231

4.11.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Nova Scotia 232

4.11.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Nova Scotia 237

4.11.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Nova Scotia 238

4.11.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Energy Efficiency, Nova Scotia 238

4.12 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Ontario 239

4.12.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Ontario 239

4.12.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Ontario 248

4.12.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Ontario 251

4.12.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Geothermal, Ontario 252

4.12.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydro, Ontario 253

4.12.6 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Ontario 254

4.13 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Quebec 257

4.13.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Quebec 257

4.13.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Quebec 258

4.13.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Geothermal, Quebec 259

4.13.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydro, Quebec 259

4.13.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Quebec 260

5 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Argentina 262

5.1 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Argentina, Major Policies and Incentives 262

5.1.1 Renewable Energy in Rural Markets (Proyecto de Energia Renovable en el Mercado Electrico Rural: PERMER) 264

5.1.2 Law on the Promotion of Wind and Solar Energy Production: 25.019/1998 265

5.1.3 Law on Promotion of Renewable Sources of Energy for Electricity Production: 26.190 266

5.1.4 Renewable Energy Generation Program 266

5.1.5 Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) 267

5.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Argentina 267

5.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Argentina 268

5.3.1 National Strategic Plan for Wind Energy 268

5.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Argentina 269

5.4.1 Biodiesel Competitiveness Plan 269

5.4.2 The Biofuel Law 269

5.4.3 Biodiesel Content Requirement 270

5.4.4 National Bioenergy Program 270

5.5 Policy Support for Energy Efficiency, Argentina 271

5.5.1 Energy Efficiency Project 271

5.5.2 Energy Efficiency Policies for Appliances 271

5.5.3 National Program for Rational and Efficient Use of Energy (PRONUREE) 272

6 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Brazil 273

6.1 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Brazil, Major Policies and Incentives 273

6.1.1 Program of Incentives for Alternative Electricity Sources 274

6.1.2 Renewable Energy Auctions 276

6.1.3 Alternative Energy Auction LFA-2010 and Reserve Energy Auction LER-2010 278

6.1.4 Brazil National Climate Change Plan 278

6.1.5 Luz Para Todos (Light for All) Electrification Program 279

6.1.6 National Biodiesel Program 280

6.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Brazil 281

6.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar Photovoltaic, Brazil 281

6.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydro, Brazil 281

6.4.1 International Action Program, Brazil's Hydropower Program 281

6.4.2 Incentives for Small Hydro Facilities, Law no. 9648 282

6.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Brazil 282

6.5.1 National Alcohol Program 282

6.5.2 Federal and State Taxes on Ethanol 283

6.5.3 Spending on Biofuels 283

6.5.4 “Social Fuel Stamp” Auction System 287

6.6 Policy Support for Energy Efficiency, Brazil 288

6.6.1 National Energy Efficiency Policy 288

6.6.2 Regulated Investments in Energy Efficiency 289

6.6.3 The Energy Efficiency Law (Lei de Eficiencia Energetica) 289

6.6.4 Solar Water Heating Legislation 289

7 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Mexico 290

7.1 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Mexico, Major Policies and Incentives 292

7.1.1 Law for Renewable Energy Usage and Energy Transition Financing (Ley Para el Aprovechamiento de Energias Renovables y el Financiamento de la Transicion Energetica) 292

7.1.2 Law for the Use of Renewable Sources of Energy 293

7.1.3 National Energy Strategy 294

7.1.4 Mexico Renewable Energy Program 294

7.1.5 Programa de Promocion y Venta de Calentadores Solares Orientado al Sector Residencial en Mexico (CONAE Program) 295

7.1.6 Large Scale Renewable Energy Development Project 296

7.1.7 Integrated Energy Services Project for Small Localities of Rural Mexico, 2006-2011 297

7.1.8 Accelerated Depreciation for Environmental Investment (Depreciacion Acelerada Para Inversiones Que Reportan Beneficios Ambientales) 297

7.1.9 Wheeling Service Agreement for Electricity from Renewable Energy Sources (Convenio Para el Servicio de Transmision de Energia Electrica Para Fuente de Energia Renovable) 298

7.1.10 Methodology to Establish Service Charges for the Transmission of Renewable Electricity (Metodologia Para la Determinacion de los Cargos por Servicios de Transmision de Energia Electrica Para Fuente de Energia Renovable) 298

7.1.11 Grid Interconnection Contract for Renewable Energy (Contrato de Interconexion Para Fuente de Energia Renovable) 299

7.1.12 Renewable Energy Outlook – Vision for 2030 on the Use of Renewable Energy in Mexico 299

7.1.13 Renewable Energy Promotion-PromovER 300

7.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Mexico 300

7.2.1 Project to Connect Solar Power to Grid 300

7.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Mexico 301

7.3.1 Technological Development Programs 301

7.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Mexico 302

7.4.1 Law for the Promotion and Development of Bioenergy 302

7.4.2 Sustainable Rural Development Project for the Promotion of Alternative Energy Sources in Agribusiness 303

7.4.3 Value Added Agribusiness Risk Sharing Schemes 304

7.4.4 Feasibility Study on the Potential for Ethanol and Bio-Diesel Use and Production in Mexico 304

7.4.5 Bioenergy Promotion and Development Law 304

7.5 Policy Support for Energy Efficiency, Mexico 306

7.5.1 Law for Sustainable Use of Energy and the National Program for the Sustainable Use of Energy 306

7.5.2 Energy Efficiency Program 306

7.5.3 Compact Fluorescent Lamp Market, Mexico 307

7.5.4 Green Mortgage Program 308

7.5.5 Solar Water Heaters Program 308

7.5.6 Program for Financing of Electric Energy Saving 309

8 Appendix 310

8.1 Abbreviations 310

8.2 Bibliography 318

8.3 Methodology 321

8.3.1 Coverage 321

8.3.2 Secondary Research 322

8.3.3 Primary Research 323

8.4 Disclaimer 323

List of Tables

Table 1: Renewable Energy Policy Instruments by Country 24

Table 2: Production Tax Credit, The US, In Service Deadline and Credit Amount, 2013 34

Table 3: Treasury Grants, The US, Eligibility and Credit Availability, 2013 37

Table 4: Renewable Power Market, The US, Treasury Grants, Total Grants, 2009-2012 38

Table 5: Renewable Power Market, The US, Treasury Grants by Technology, Value (%), 2012 39

Table 6: Renewable Power Market, The US, Treasury Grants by Technology, Volume (%), 2012 40

Table 7: Renewable Power Market, The US, Treasury Grants, No. of Grants by State, 2009-2012 41

Table 8: Renewable Power Market, The US, Treasury Grants, Wind Power, No of Grants ($m), 2009-2012 42

Table 9: Wind Power Market, The US, Treasury Grants, Capacity (MW) Supported by Grants, 2009-2012 43

Table 10: Renewable Power Market, The US, Treasury Grants, Solar Power, Volume and Value ($m) of Grants, 2009-2012 45

Table 11: Solar Power Market, The US, Treasury Grants, Capacity (MW) Supported by Grants, 2009-2012 46

Table 12: Renewable Power Market, The US, Treasury Grants, Geothermal Power Volume and Value ($m) of Grants, 2009-2012 47

Table 13: Green Power Purchasing Goal, The US (%), 2007-2013 54

Table 14: Solar Photovoltaic, The US, Cumulative Annual Capacity (MW), 2001-2012 57

Table 15: Geothermal Power, The US, Annual Installed Capacity (MW), 2005-2011 62

Table 16: Biofuels, The US, Minimum Volume and Ratio of Renewable Fuel, 2013 68

Table 17: Biofuels, The US, Amount of Renewable Transportation Fuel to be Sold (Billion Gallons), 2008-2022 70

Table 18: Gasoline, The US, Volumetric Ethanol Excise Tax Credit 71

Table 19: Renewable Power, The US, Renewable Portfolio Standards, State Targets, 2013 77

Table 20: Feed-In Tariffs, California, Based on 2011 Market Price Referents, Nominal ($/kWh), 2012-2020 84

Table 21: Renewable Auction Mechanism, California, Procurement Requirement after the Third Renewable Auction Mechanism Auction, 2010-2013 85

Table 22: Go Solar Campaign, California, Program Component, 2007-2016 87

Table 23: California Solar Initiative, California, Program Budget, 2007-2016 88

Table 24: California Solar Initiative, California, Rebate Levels by Incentive Step and Rebate Type, 2012 90

Table 25: California Solar Initiative, California, Incentive Type 90

Table 26: Renewable Power, Colorado, Renewable Portfolio Standard (%), 2007-2020 104

Table 27: Renewable Power, Colorado, Capital Cost Threshold Rates, 2010-2013 108

Table 28: Alternative Fuel, Colorado, Vehicle Tax Credit, 2012-2016 114

Table 29: Renewable Fuel Standard, Iowa (%), 2009-2020 124

Table 30: Renewable Portfolio Standard, Minnesota, RPS for Xcel Energy and Other Utilities, 2010-2025 127

Table 31: Renewable Portfolio Standard, Nevada (%), 2005-2025 135

Table 32: Maximum Incentive Level for Wind, Nevada ($), 2009-2013 139

Table 33: Renewable Portfolio Standards, New Jersey (%), 2004-2028 142

Table 34: RPS with Solar Alternative Compliance Payment Amount, New Jersey, 2008-2028 149

Table 35: Initial Eight Year Schedule (June-May Energy Year) New Jersey, 2008-2016 150

Table 36: Renewable Energy Incentive Program, New Jersey, Fuel Cell and Sustainable Biomass Upfront Incentives, 2001-2012 152

Table 37: Renewable Portfolio Standards, Oregon (%), 2011-2025 164

Table 38: RPS, Oregon, Eligible Resource Types Based on Facility’s Operational Date, 1995-2025 165

Table 39: Renewable Energy Tax Credit, Oregon 171

Table 40: Renewable Energy Standards, Washington, 2012-2020 189

Table 41: MORE Green Power Program, Washington, OPALCO, 2010-2015 191

Table 42: Solar Power, Canada, New Installed Capacity (MW), 2001-2012 207

Table 43: Wind Power, Canada, New Installations (MW), 2002-2012 210

Table 44: Green Power, Canada, Provincial Targets and Policies, 2010-2016 215

Table 45: Biorefining Commercialization and Market Development Program and Bioenergy Infrastructure Development Program Grant Recipients, Alberta, 2007-2011 223

Table 46: Biorefining Commercialization and Market Development Program, Alberta, Funding Availability, Phase II, 2010-2012 226

Table 47: Feed-in Tariff, Nova Scotia, Community Feed-In Tariffs, 2011 236

Table 48: Feed-in Tariff Prices, Ontario, 2013 241

Table 49: Green Energy Act, Ontario, Additional Price Incentives on Feed-in Tariff, 2013 242

Table 50: Solar PV, Ontario, Feed-In Tariff Rates, 2012 250

Table 51: Wind Energy, Ontario, Feed-in Tariff Program, 2009 251

Table 52: Hydropower, Ontario, Feed-In Tariffs, From 2009 253

Table 53: Biomass Energy, Standard Offer Program, Ontario, 2013 254

Table 54: Retail Sales Tax Rebate for Vehicles Powered by Alternative Fuels, Ontario, Rebate Limits 256

Table 55: Renewable Energy in Rural Markets, Argentina, Total Program Cost ($m), 2005-2012 264

Table 56: Renewable Energy Auctions, Brazil, Renewable Capacity Auctioned, 2007-2012 277

Table 57: Ethanol Production, Brazil, Financing Lines and Funding Programs by the Brazilian Development Bank 286

Table 58: Ethanol Production, Brazil, Funding Programs for SMEs Seeking Entry by the Brazilian Development Bank 287

Table 59: Biodiesel and Mineral Diesel, Brazil, Federal Taxes 288

Table 60: Mexico Energy Efficiency Framework, Loan Amount Under Green Mortgage Program 308

Table 61: Abbreviations 310

List of Figures

Figure 1: Renewable Power Market, The US, Impact Analysis of Various Policies, 1992-2012 27

Figure 2: Renewable Power Market, The US, Policy Impact on Applicable Renewable Power Sources 28

Figure 3: Production Tax Credit, The US, In Service Deadline and Credit Amount, 2013 34

Figure 4: Renewable Power Market, The US, Treasury Grants, Total Grants, 2009-2012 38

Figure 5: Renewable Power Market, The US, Treasury Grants by Technology, Value (%), 2012 39

Figure 6: Renewable Power Market, The US, Treasury Grants by Technology, Volume (%), 2012 40

Figure 7: Renewable Power Market, The US, Treasury Grants, Wind Power, No of Grants ($m), 2009-2012 42

Figure 8: Wind Power Market, The US, Capacity (MW) Supported by Treasury Grants, 2009-2012 43

Figure 9: Renewable Power Market, The US, Treasury Grants, Solar Power, Volume and Value ($m) of Grants, 2009-2012 44

Figure 10: Solar Power Market, The US, Treasury Grants, Capacity (MW) Supported by Grants, 2009-2012 46

Figure 11: Renewable Power Market, The US, Treasury Grants, Geothermal Power, Volume and Value ($m) of Grants, 2009-2012 47

Figure 12: Solar Photovoltaic, The US, Annual Installed Capacity (MW), 2001-2012 57

Figure 13: Wind Power, The US, Annual Installed Capacity (GW), 2000-2015 60

Figure 14: Geothermal Power, The US, Annual Installed Capacity (MW), 2005-2012 61

Figure 15: Biofuels, The US, Amount of Renewable Transportation Fuel to be Sold (Billion Gallons), 2008-2022 69

Figure 16: Renewable Power Market, California, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources 81

Figure 17: California Solar Initiative, California, Rebate Levels by Incentive Step and Rebate Type, 2012 89

Figure 18: Renewable Power Market, Colorado, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources 102

Figure 19: Renewable Power, Colorado, Renewable Portfolio Standard (%), 2007-2020 103

Figure 20: Renewable Power Market, Iowa, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources 115

Figure 21: Renewable Fuel Standard, Iowa (%), 2009-2020 123

Figure 22: Renewable Power Market, Minnesota, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources 125

Figure 23: Renewable Portfolio Standard, Minnesota, RPS for Xcel Energy and Other Utilities, 2010-2025 126

Figure 24: Renewable Power Market, Nevada, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources 134

Figure 25: Renewable Portfolio Standard, Nevada (%), 2005-2025 135

Figure 26: Renewable Power Market, New Jersey, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources 140

Figure 27: Renewable Portfolio Standards, New Jersey (%), 2014-2028 141

Figure 28: Renewable Power Market, New York, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources 153

Figure 29: Renewable Power Market, Oregon, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources 163

Figure 30: Renewable Portfolio Standards, Oregon (%), 2011-2025 164

Figure 31: Renewable Power Market, Texas, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources 178

Figure 32: Renewable Power Market, Washington, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources 188

Figure 33: Renewable Energy Standards, Washington, 2012-2020 189

Figure 34: Renewable Power Market, Canada, Impact Analysis of Various Policies, 2002-2012 199

Figure 35: Renewable Power Market, Canada, Policy Impact on Applicable Renewable Power Sources 200

Figure 36: Solar Power, Canada, New Installed Capacity (MW), 2001-2012 206

Figure 37: Wind Power, Canada, New Installations (MW), 2002-2012 209

Figure 38: Renewable Power Market, British Columbia, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources 228

Figure 39: Renewable Power Market, Nova Scotia, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources 231

Figure 40: Renewable Power Market, Ontario, Policy Applicability to Renewable Power Sources 239

Figure 41: Renewable Power Market, Argentina, Impact Analysis of Policies, 2001-2012 263

Figure 42: Renewable Power Market, Brazil, Impact Analysis of Policies, 1974-2012 274

Figure 43: Renewable Power Policy, Mexico, Impact Analysis of Policies, 2002-2012 291

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North and South America Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2013

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