June 19, 2008
Sun Powers Largest Compute Cluster in Latin America
Sun Microsystems (NASDAQ:JAVA) today announced Sao Paulo University (UNESP) has chosen Sun to power the largest computing cluster in Latin America which will span across seven different sites in Sao Paulo State. The "UNESP Computer Capacity Integration (GridUNESP)" compute cluster, based on Sun Microsystems technology, will give research groups in the University access to the highest levels of processing capacity and data storage capacity to be used for particle physics, genetics, meteorology, medicine, and other areas of scientific investigation.
The central cluster of systems, which will be installed at the new UNESP campus in Barra Funda, Sao Paulo - will have 2048 processing nuclei and a compute capacity of 23.2 TFlops. The complete system which is made up of the central cluster and seven others will total 33.32 TFlops. GridUNESP will have a high speed connection to the North American Internet2 by means of the MetroSampa Network -- which inter-connects educational, cultural, and research institutions in the metropolitan region of Sao Paulo -- and also to the Open Science Grid, which integrates computer resources in fifty sites across the United States, Europe, Asia, Australia, and Latin AmericaThe selection of Sun Microsystems of Brazil for GridUNESP was made in strict compliance with the requirements of the Tenders and Contracts Law, and was preceded by a wide consultation with different companies specializing in high performance computing (HPC). Definition of the specifications and analysis of the technical and commercial bids was monitored by a multi-institutional commission, made up of professionals who specialize in HPC. "Sun was selected as it showed the best technical expertise and the best price from the bids submitted," said GridUNESP's general coordinator, Sergio Ferraz Novaes, professor of the Theoretical Physics Institute (IFT) at UNESP.
GridUNESP will have centralized administration, operation, and maintenance, and will be accessible to any researcher in the University. According to Novaes, the project will deal with research areas that require processing, analysis, and storage of a large amount of data, such as genetic sequencing, weather forecasting, molecular and cellular modeling, reconstruction of medical images, development of new materials, quantum chemistry, large-scale numerical simulations, and high energy physics, among others.
The cost of the project, at around $3.1 million USD, was financed by the Ministry of Science and Technology, via the Studies and Projects Finance Plan (FINEP). The computational infrastructure, which consists of a central cluster and seven other secondary clusters, will be spread amongst the following campuses: Araraquara, Bauru, Botucatu, Ilha Solteira, Rio Claro, Sao Jose do Rio Preto and Sao Paulo.
"With its multi-campus structure, UNESP has the profile of an institution that could benefit greatly from this layout. A network that interconnects the principal processing and data storage centers in the University will allow an equitable distribution of these resources, allowing virtually everybody to access a computational infrastructure that would be unavailable or extremely unbalanced if set up another way," explains Novaes.
"The progress of our research will be helped in terms of speed of calculation and availability of memory. It will also facilitate interaction between the different theoretical research groups," affirms Elson Longo, professor of the Institute of Chemistry (IQ) at the Araraquara campus, and also coordinator of the Multidisciplinary Centre for Ceramic Material Development.
GridUNESP will give the University the capacity to integrate major international projects in the area of Grid computing, according to Gastao Krein, Director of IFT, at the Sao Paulo campus. For physician Ney Lemke, of the Institute of Bioscience (IB) at the Botucatu campus, studies in the areas of biology and medical physics will be greatly enhanced. "With the computing capacity of GridUNESP, research calculation times will be reduced, which will allow us to carry out more detailed studies at a faster pace."
For Adriano Mauro Cansian, coordinator of the Safety research Laboratory of the Institute of Biosciences, Arts and Exact Sciences (IBILCE), at the Sao Jose do Rio Preto campus, the project to detect attacks on large-scale computer network infrastructure, on which he works with his team, will benefit from the processing and data storage capacity. "We also believe that the grid will allow more flexible processing in carrying out the analyses that are intended to detect attacks in real time."
According to Carlos Thomaz, high performance computing specialist, Sun Microsystems of Brazil, the GridUNESP project represents a new standard for the Brazilian academic community. "The project consists of a combination of interconnected clusters, forming a computation grid along the lines of those in Europe and North America. Challenges such as this are not dealt with just by systems, but also by using an infrastructure specifically defined to meet the needs of UNESP, encompassing software, hardware, and principally service solutions."
Joaquim Merino, Sun Microsystems sales executive, states that "The GridUNESP project is a pioneer in the implementation of a computational grid that connects the largest research centers in the world, such as the Open Science Grid (OSG). We expect this project to be not only a great success for UNESP, but also for the whole Brazilian scientific community."
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