June 20, 2010
Over Two Billion Hours Served
Using Argonne's supercomputer to drive discovery and innovation
The Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF), located at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, has run over two billion processor-hours of computations at a mind-boggling speed of over 557 trillion calculations a second as it enables scientists and engineers to conduct cutting-edge research in just weeks or months rather than years.
No longer mere tools in the search for technical knowledge, supercomputers have become increasingly essential to almost every aspect of science and engineering. For example, researchers are using Argonne's supercomputer to:
* Model the molecular basis of Parkinson's disease to develop new treatments
* Assess the impacts of regional climate change
* Design technologies to reduce aerodynamic noise and cut carbon emissions
* Gain insight into dangerous heart rhythm disorders
* Design new materials required for lithium-air batteries
A "processor-hour" represents a single computer processor running for one full hour. In May of 2010, researchers from SUNY at Stony Brook were studying computational fluid dynamics when the ALCF reached the two billion processor-hour mark.
The ALCF is home to the IBM Blue Gene/P Intrepid, one of the fastest supercomputers in the world for open science. Intrepid features more than 160,000 processors and more than 80 terabytes of memory. Intrepid boasts a peak performance of 557 teraflops, but despite its power, the energy-efficient system uses about one-third as much electricity as a machine of comparable size built with more conventional parts.
ALCF is dedicated to large-scale computation and builds on Argonne's strengths in high-performance computing software, advanced hardware architectures and applications expertise. Argonne is also collaborating with several institutions on developing the next generation of hardware and software for supercomputers. Called "exascale computers," these machines will be so powerful that they can perform a quintillion, or a billion billion, calculations every second.
The ALCF is part of DOE's effort to provide leadership-class computing resources to the scientific community. DOE selects major ALCF projects through the Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (INCITE) program. INCITE enables researchers to conduct simulations that would otherwise be out of reach on less powerful systems, because they would take years or decades to carry out.
Argonne National Laboratory seeks solutions to pressing national problems in science and technology. The nation's first national laboratory, Argonne conducts leading-edge basic and applied scientific research in virtually every scientific discipline. Argonne researchers work closely with researchers from hundreds of companies, universities, and federal, state and municipal agencies to help them solve their specific problems, advance America 's scientific leadership and prepare the nation for a better future. With employees from more than 60 nations, Argonne is managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science.
Image Caption: The project that pushed the ACLF over two billion processor-hours: a visualization of Rayleigh-Taylor instability, which is the result of the mixing of two fluids at different densities. The heavy fluid (top) is accelerated by the light fluid (bottom), yielding bubbles of light fluid and spikes of heavy fluid, each penetrating into the other fluid, followed by the development of a chaotic mixing layer. Gravity is going down in the plot. Accurate simulation of the turbulent mixing of two fluids is a long-standing challenge. Image courtesy Research team from SUNY at Stony Brook, Department of Applied Mathematics & Statistics.
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