Adelphobates, a sister group to the Dendrobates and Oophaga genera, is a genus of poison dart frogs. Excitobates, the proposed genus, includes some of the members.

The name adelphobates is from the Ancient Greek, adelphos meaning brother or twin and bates meaning walker or climber. “Brothers” refers to Charles W. Myers and John W. Daly which are two unrelated scientists directly involved with the studies of the species.

All members of this genus have conspicuous and vibrant coloration along with smooth skin. The type species is Adelphobates castaneoticus.

This genus occurs throughout Amazonia.

The four species that are recognized in this genus are Adelphobates captivus, Adelphobates castaneoticus, Adelphobates galactonotus, and Adelphobates quinquevittatus.

Image Caption: Adelphobates castaneoticus. Credit: Hugo Claessen/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 2.5)