The Ameraucana is a breed of domestic chicken that is thought to have been developed in the United States of America, although its exact origins are unknown. It was developed using chickens that were exported from Chile. Its name is a mixture of the word “American” and Araucana, a breed that it is related to. The breed was accepted by the American Poultry Association as an official breed in 1984 and placed under the “All Other” category regarding its origin. Because this breed produces blue tinted eggs and does not meet a set standard under the APA, it is also categorized as an Easter egg chicken by the Ameraucana Breeders Club.
The Ameraucana varies in weight depending upon the sex and type, with standard size roosters reaching a weight of up to 6.5 pounds and hens weighing up to 5.5 pounds. The bantam type of this breed is much smaller, with roosters weighing 1.8 pounds and hens weighing 1.6 pounds. This breed resembles the Araucana in that it has facial feathers, although these are of a different type, and a pea comb. However, it has a tail, which the Araucana lacks, but in some countries it is still considered a type of the Araucana instead of a distinct breed. It can come in eight color variations including black, blue, buff, silver, and white, although there are other colors that are currently being developed, including lavender, that have not yet been accepted. Hens are great egg layers, producing up to 250 colored eggs per year.
Image Caption: A young blue Ameraucana rooster. Credit: Royal Photography/Quibik/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0)