Anatolian Leopard

The Anatolian leopard or the Galil leopard, (Panthera pardus tulliana), is a subspecies of leopard. It is not known whether any Anatolian leopards still exist in the wild.

Distribution/Physical Features

Anatolian leopards at one time thrived in the forests and hill regions of Aegean, West Mediterranean, East Mediterranean, and East Anatolia. Adults grow from 78.74 to 98.42 in (200 to 250 cm) long and may weigh up to 198.41 lb (90 kg). Their lifespan is approximately 20 years. In Israel there was Anatolian leopards until 1980’s.


In the wild, the leopard’s prey consists of wild ungulates, which include deer, chamois, mountain goats, and occasionally wild boar and birds as well as domestic livestock.


The last official sighting of the Anatolian leopard was in 1974. That animal was killed after an attack to a woman in Bagozu village. Although some scientists have suggested that the species has since become extinct, others have suggested that there are still 10 to 15 Anatolian leopards in the wilds of Anatolia, Turkey. In 2001, the animal had allegedly been spotted around the Dandi region in the eastern Mediterranean. It has also been spotted around Musikli Brook in the eastern Black Sea. Another sighting of the animal in Pokut Plateau, on the eastern Black Sea, was reported in 2004.

Cause For Decline

It is thought that extensive trophy hunting is the principal factor in the decline and possible extinction of the Anatolian leopard.

PHOTO CREDIT: Panthera pardus tulliana photographed by researcher Curt Kosswig in 1938