Annual Hibiscus, Abelmoschus moschatus

The Annual Hibiscus (Abelmoschus moschatus) also known as Bamia Moschata, Galu Gasturi, Muskdana, Musk mallow, Musk okra, Ornamental okra, Tropical jewel hibiscus, and Yorka okra, is a medicinal plant in the Malyaceae family. It is native to India. Despite being a tropical plant originally, the hibiscus is frost hardy.

The seed, known as Ambrette, musk or rose mallow, has a sweet, flowery, heavy fragrance similar to that of musk. Musk mallow oil was once used as a substitute for animal musk, but because it can cause photosensitivity, this use has been mostly discontinued. The seed is often added to coffee, and the new shoots of the plant are eaten as vegetables.

Different part of the plant have also been used in traditional and complementary medicine. It is used externally to relieve spasms of the digestive tract, cramps, poor circulation and aching joints. However, not all uses have been scientifically proven. It is considered an insecticide and also an aphrodisiac. In industry the root mucilage provides sizing for paper, and tobacco is often flavored with the flowers.

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