The Australian Anchovy (Engraulis australis), is an anchovy of the Engraulidae family. They are found off southeast Australia, and around New Zealand near the surface in bays, inlets, and estuaries.
The Australian Anchovy is elongate and cigar-shaped and has the undershot lower jaw typical of all anchovies. They are pale silver-green above and silver-white below. They feed on plankton.
They are the main baitfish found in the areas where they live, forming large schools in the summer. These schools are attacked by Gannets, Shearwaters, and Terns from above, and from Kahawai, Yellowtail Kingfish, and Dolphins from below, the frenzied activity sometimes draws the attention of sharks.