The Bali Tiger (Panthera tigris balica), also called the Balinese Tiger, is an extinct species of tiger found only on the small Indonesian island of Bali. The tiger was one of three sub-species of tiger found in Indonesia along with the Javan tiger (also extinct) and Sumatran tiger (severely endangered).
The Bali Tiger was the smallest of the species and weighed about 198 – 221 pounds. Females were smaller at 143 – 176 pounds. The male was about 7.5 feet long and the female 6.5 feet long. They had short fur that was deep orange colored and darker, fewer stripes than other tiger sub-species. Occasionally, between the stripes, there were small black spots. Bali tigers also had unusual bars on the head.
The only known predators of Bali tigers were humans. Tigers are carnivorous, Bali tigers preyed upon most large and smaller mammals, including deer, pigs, birds, etc. The last tiger to be shot was in 1925, and the species was declared extinct in 1937. Due to the small size of the island, the original population could never have been large to begin with.
Female Bali tigers, after mating, had a gestation period of 103 days on average. They beget two or three cubs each mating, and the cubs weighed two or three pounds at birth. They were born blind. Cubs became weaned at around one year of age, and were fully independent at 18 months to two years of age. Sometimes the cubs stay with their mother for another year. Adults lived about 10 to 15 years in the wild.