The Black Bittern (Ixobrychus flavicollis), is a bird of Old World origins. It breeds in tropical Asia from India and Sri Lanka east to China, Indonesia and Australia. It is mainly resident, but some northern birds may migrate short distances.
The Black Bittern is a fairly large species at nearly 23 inches in length, with a longish neck and long yellow bill. The adult is uniformly black above, with yellow neck sides. It is whitish below, heavily streaked with brown. The juvenile is like the adult, but dark brown rather than black.
Their breeding habitat is reed beds. They nest on platforms of reeds in shrubs, or sometimes in trees. 3-5 eggs are laid. They can be difficult to see, given their skulking lifestyle and reed bed habitat, but tend to fly fairly frequently, when the all black upperparts makes them unmistakable. Black Bitterns feed on insects, fish and amphibians.
Photo By J.M.Garg