Black Moor

The Black Moor is a fancy species of goldfish also called the the Black Peony, or the Kuro-demekin in Japan. The Black Moor is essentially a velvet black variety of the telescope eye goldfish, although a black moor may have rounder fins and a less forked tail than a telescope eye.

Animal Description

The Black Moor is one of the most popular breeds of goldfish. The Black Moor is often considered the most popular Chinese fish available. They have short, thick bodies with a hump around the shoulder area. They are typically a velvety black color. The most striking feature of the Black Moor is their eyes, which are large, and grow from the sides of their heads. At maturity, the Black Moor will reach a size of 8 ““ 10 in. Black Moors typically have a life span ranging from 6 to 25 years.

The Black Moor was originated in China.

Specific Care Information

No goldfish, including the Black Moor, should ever be kept in a bowl. They do not provide adequate room or filtration, unless you will frequently change this water. Due to their size when grown, black moors should never be kept in less than a 20 gallon aquarium. Tank decor should be kept to a minimum to allow plenty of swimming room and decor with sharp edges should be avoided as Black Moor can damage their protruding eyes on them. Black Moors should be kept in water with a temperature ranging from 66 to 72 degrees Fahrenheit, though most can tolerate temperatures as high as 86 degrees. Small tanks containing fish that don’t filter-feed should use a mechanical or bio-mechanical filter if water changes lack frequency. Chlorine and chloramine from water treatment are toxic to fish. Organic matter, water conditioners, and activated charcoal (organic matter) will remove them. A test kit to test pH, ammonia, nitrite and nitrate levels is essential in a small tank. These are products of decay, in decreasing order of toxicity. Water should be changed in proportion to the amount of poison it contains from decay products.


Like all goldfish black moors like a varied diet. Fish flakes and pellets should be supplemented with vegetables like zucchini, peas, spinach and lettuce. Frozen glass worms, blood worms, brine shrimp and daphnia should also be given in addition to fresh food and flakes.