Black-and-white Ruffed Lemur

The black-and-white ruffed lemur (Varecia variegata) is one of the two species of ruffed lemurs. Like all lemurs, it is native only to Madagascar.

Black-and-white ruffed lemurs can grow up to 2 ft long. They are typically a little smaller, and about 7 to 10 lb. Their lifespan in captivity is about 18 years but many live to 20.

Black-and-white ruffed lemurs are black with white areas on their limbs head and back. Their neck has a mane and the face has a muzzle like a dog’s. Males and females look the same. They have the second loudest call of any primate, second only to the howler monkey. They are the only lemurs, known to have litters.

The diet of the black-and-white ruffed lemur consists mainly of sweet fruits, leaves, nectar, flowers, and seeds. They even eat dirt in some cases. They usually search for food alone, rejoining their small group later to sleep.

Boa constrictors, eagles and the fossa typically prey on the lemur. Because the black-and-white ruffed lemur is diurnal.