Blue-winged Parrotlet, Forpus xanthopterygius
The Blue-winged Parrotlet (Forpus xanthopterygius) is a species of parrot found throughout most of South America. The Turquoise-rumped Parrotlet (Forpus xanthopterygius spengeli) is sometimes considered a separate species (rather than a subspecies). The Blue-winged Parrotlet’s habitat is woodland, scrub, savanna, and pastures. Though it is widespread and fairly common, it is more commonly found in the Amazon Basin. Six subspecies are recognized.
The adult is only 4.75 inches long. It is mainly green with a short tapered tail. The male has blue on the primary wing coverts, underwing coverts, and the rump. The face, ear patches, and thighs are bright green. The female lacks the blue coloration that is found in the male. The female is easily confused with the Green-rumped Parrotlet, although there is little overlap in their natural ranges. The subspecies varies in plumages overall, with some darker colors and some yellows.
Image Caption: A male Blue-winged Parrotlet in Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil. Credit: Wagner Machado Carlos Lemes/Wikipedia (CC Attribution 2.0)