Bosnian Pine, Pinus heldreichii
Bosnian pine (Pinus heldreichii) can be found in the mountains of Bosnia, Albania, northern Greece, and in southern Italy. The Bosnian pine is native to the Balkan Mountains. The Bosnian pine is a hard pine and grows in altitudes of 3,000-8,200 feet. This tree grows to heights of 82-115 feet with a trunk that measures 6 feet 7 inches in diameter. The needles grow in bundles of two and measure 1.8-3.9 inches long. The cones are dark blue-purple in spring and ripen to brown 16-18 months later, and grow from 2-3.5 inches long. The seeds are .2 -.3 inches long with wings measuring 0.79-0.98 inches long. The Bosnian pine can tolerate temperatures as low as -49 degrees Fahrenheit and can withstand strong winds and is often found along the coast lines as it is tolerant of the sea salt.
The Bosnian pine is used as an ornamental tree in parks and large gardens with its dense branches and pyramid shape as well as being a slow grower. The Bosnian pine is used as a windbreak and noise reduction when planted in clumps. This pine is deer resistant, attracts nesting birds, and is easy to care for.
Image Caption: Bosnian pine (Pinus heldreichii). Credit: Berchaf/Wikimedia (CC BY-SA 3.0, 2.5, 2.0, 1.0)