Brazilian Agouti

The Brazilian Agouti, Dasyprocta leporina, is a South American agouti species from the Dasyproctidae family. It is found in Venezuela, Guiana, French Guiana and Brazil. It has also been introduced to the Lesser Antilles.

The Brazilian Agouti is also called the “red-rumped”, “orange-rumped”, or the “golden-rumped” agouti. It lives in a wide variety of habitats with water and dense plant growth. These habitats may include gardens and crop fields. It is often found in the rainforests, or other forests of Brazil and northward.


Brazilian Agoutis weight about 6 ½ lbs to 13 lbs (3,000 to 6,000 g). It is about 19 to 25 in (48 t0 64 cm) long. In this species the females are larger than males but otherwise look similar. They are brownish with darker spots on the upper body. The fur becomes orange as it goes past the middle area of the animal. The ear is square in shape. The front feet have 4 toes and the back feet have 3. They can be distinguished from other agoutis by their distinct coloring.

These animals have no distinct breeding season, and females generally have about 1 to 3 young. The Brazilian Agouti’s gestation period is 104 to 120 days. There is about 20 weeks for weaning at average. They live in pairs or family groups of the parents and little ones. They need large areas for food, breeding, and territory. It is hard to keep the animal in captivity for that reason. This species lives 15 to 20 yrs in captivity.