Burkholderia mallei is a gram-negative bipolar aerobic bacterium. The human and animal pathogen causes Glanders. The Latin name of this disease gave name to the causative agent species. It is related to B. pseudomallei although the bacterium is nonmotile.
The bacterium can be eliminated through numerous disinfectants including benzalkonium chloride, iodine, mercuric chloride, potassium permanganate, and ethanol. It can also be destroyed by heating or UV. Antibiotics have also been reported to be effective against the bacteria.
It is on a list of potential biological warfare agents. It is also one of the first to be identified containing a type VI secretion system which is important for its pathogenicity.