The Cachena is a breed of cattle from Portugal. It is also bred in Galicia and Spain. A larger breed, the Barrosao cattle is also bred in Portugal and the Cachena is sometimes considered to be a variant of it. The Cachena was developed by crossbreeding local yellow and brown cattle breeds.
The Cachena’s climate is hot and dry in the summer and cold and humid in the winter. They are distributed around the low mountain range within the Spanish Natural Park Baixa Limia-Serra do Xures. They are slao located in the Ourensic village Olelas and in Peneda-Geres National Park in Portugal.
It is a rare breed and Portugal has a plan of maintenance of the Cachena, which is in danger of extinction. The herdbook was established in 1990.
The color of the Cachena is a light brown to yellow and dark brown at the high part of the shoulders. It has a dark nose, wide long horns and is one of the smallest cattle breeds in the world. Usually around 43 inches high with bulls weighing about 1,200 pounds and the cow about 860 pounds.
The breed adapts very well to the environment and with its keen sense of smell it can locate the herbs in the bush land. The small height allows the breed to use less energy and survives well when little food is available.
It originally was a triple-purpose cattle but today it is mainly used for beef production. It has excellent quality meat. The milk from the cow is of poor taste because of the wild herbs that they forage on.
Image Caption: Cachena Cattle. Credit: Caleteron/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0)