Camarillo White Horse
The Camarillo white horse is a breed of horse that was developed in the United States of America in 1921. Its development began when Adolfo Camarillo obtained a Spanish Mustang named Sultan and began breeding him with mares of the Morgan breed. It was bred exclusively on the Camarillo Ranch for sixty-five years until 1987, after Camarillo’s daughter passed away and sold all of the horses at auction.
By 1991, there were only eleven remaining Camarillo white horses and the Camarillo White Horse Association was developed in 1992. This registry opened up its studbook to allow foals that were born from at least one Camarillo parent and parents from other breeds including the Standardbred and the Andalusian. This opened up the breed to new colors, so white horses are registered separately from others. From the time of its development this breed has been used in shows and competitions.
The Camarillo white horse is known for its white coloration, but it has other distinctive characteristics including a compact yet elegant body and expressive eyes. White horses are very rare, because only fifty percent of white horses born survive. This survival rate is due to the white “W” gene that is safe when dominant, but deadly when homozygous. Because all living white horses carry the heterozygous gene for their color, there is a fifty percent chance of producing a white foal when a white horse is breed with a horse of another color. If two white horses are bred, there is still a fifty percent chance of producing a white horse, but there is also twenty-five percent chance of producing a dead white foal and a twenty-five percent chance of producing a foal of another color.
Image Caption: (F) Camarillo White Horse. Credit: Haase B, Brooks SA, Schlumbaum A, Azor PJ, Bailey E, et al./Wikipedia (CC BY 2.0)