Camphor Tree, Cinnamomum camphora

Cinnamomum camphora is an evergreen tree species. The species may also be commonly referred to as the Camphor tree, Camphorwood or Camphor laurel. C. camphora plants belong to the Lauraceae family. The tree is indigenous to China, specifically south of the Yangtze River, Taiwan, Japan, Korea and Vietnam. It has been introduced and has become naturalized in many other regions of the world and the tree is considered an invasive species in parts of the United States and Australia.

Cinnamomum camphora trees are large and grow between 65 and 98 feet tall. Its leaves are dark green and have a smooth, glossy texture. When crushed, its leaves give off a strong, foul odor. In the springtime months, the species develops bright green foliage and small white flower clusters. It then develops fruit, resembling that of a black berry. This fruit grows up to .4 inches in diameter. A rough bark covers the tree’s trunk and branches and appears pale brownish in color.

Image Caption: Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) at the Botanic Gardens, Adelaide, South Australia. Credit: Peripitus/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0)