The Canada Lynx (Lynx canadensis) is a close relative of the Eurasian Lynx. The Canada Lynx is more similar to the Bobcat than to the Eurasian Lynx.
This cat is found in northern forests across almost all of Canada and Alaska. In addition there are large lynx populations in Montana, Idaho and Washington. The Canada Lynx is rare in Utah, Minnesota, and New England. Reintroduction efforts in Colorado have been ongoing since 1999, with the first wild-born kittens confirmed in 2003. There have been many successful kindles thereafter. It is threatened in the contiguous United States.
The appearance of a Canada Lynx resembles a Eurasian Lynx. Their dense fur is silvery brown and may bear blackish markings. In summer, their coat takes on a more reddish brown color. Males are larger than females. The lynx has a furry ruff that resembles a double-pointed beard. It has a short tail with a black tip and long furry tufts on its ears. Its long legs with broad furred feet aid the lynx in traveling through deep snow.
Lynxes hunt for hares, rodents and birds, sometimes killing larger animals such as deer. They rely mainly on hearing and sight to locate prey. In some areas the Snowshoe Hare is virtually the only prey of the Canada Lynx. The size of the lynx population tends to follow the approximately 10 yearlong rise and decline of Snowshoe Hare numbers.
The lynx is a solitary and secretive animal. They are usually active at night, and require a large territory. It breeds in spring and one to five kittens are born. The survival of the young depends heavily on the availability of prey species.
These animals are trapped for their fur and have declined in many areas due to habitat loss.