The Caracu is a breed of cattle that originated in Brazil. It was developed as a dual purpose cattle utilizing both its meat for beef products and milk for dairy products. Its origin can be traced back to the Minhota, sometime in the mid-1500s. Many hardships from disease to harsh condition made it difficult to raise cattle.
The first herd book was established in 1916. In 1980, new breeding techniques and genetic improvements has accelerated the evolution and performance of the Caracu. It has become a hardy breed and very adaptable.
The coat is short with a color range from light tan to beige. It has small ears, long horns and the body is medium sized and muscular with the bull weighing between 2,200 and 2,600 pounds. The cow weighs between 1,200 and 1,650 pounds.
The cow can birth a calf at about 14 to 15 months and produce calves until she reaches 16 or 17 years old. The bull mates with about 50 cows per season.
Although it is a dual purpose breed, its main use is for crossbreeding with beef cattle. Less than five percent of the Brazilian beef cattle are Caracu. The most abundant beef cattle in Brazil is the Nelore.
Image Caption: Caracu Cattle. Credit: Nevinho/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0)