Cavallo Romano della Maremma Laziale

The Cavallo Romano della Maremma Laziale, translated in English as the Roman horse of the part of the Maremma that is in Lazio, is an ancient breed of horse that was developed in Italy, specifically in the Lazio region. It was recognized as an official breed in 2010, when it was found to be genetically distinct from the Maremmano, which it was once classified with. Studies found that these two breeds had a common genetic origin, but a difference in their amount of retained ancestral genes. The breed register, Cavallo Romano della Maremma Laziale, was created in October of 2010, followed by the breed standard in December of that same year. It was sometimes used as a war horse and carriage horse, but was mostly used in managing livestock.

The Cavallo Romano della Maremma Laziale reaches a height between 14.3 and 16.1 hands, depending upon the sex of the horse. Its head is slightly heavy and supported by a thick, arched neck and strong body and legs. The breed standard allows for individuals to be bay, black, chestnut, or grey in color and some facial markings or socks are permitted. Individuals with poor confirmation, such as those with drooping ears or those with a concave profile are not allowed to be registered. Today, this breed is used for riding, light draft work, some herding, and in the meat and cosmetic markets.

Image Caption: Stallion of the herd of Manlio Fani, breeder of the Cavallo Romano della Maremma Laziale, photographed in the plains of Rieti during the annual transhumance from Ponzano Romano to the high mountain summer pastures. Credit: Justlettersandnumbers/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0)