Chinese White Pine, Pinus armandii

Chinese White Pine (Pinus armandii) is native to China as well as northern Burma. This pine is known as Mount Hua pine in Chinese.

This pine grows at altitudes between 3,281 and 10,830 feet in light sandy to medium soils that is acidic and well-drained as this tree can tolerate drought. This tree grows to heights of 115 feet with a trunk diameter that measures 3 feet 3 inches. The bark is grayish brown when immature and matures to blackish brown to grayish red brown. The trunk will have irregular cracks creating small thin scales. The needles are a pale greenish white and grow in bundles of five measuring  3.15 – 7.87 inches long. The cones have thick scales, short, measuring 3.54 – 8.6 inches long. The cones mature in their second year and the Spotted Nutcracker disperses the seeds.

The seeds of this pine are harvested and sold as pine nuts, although, the pine nuts are responsible for Pine Mouth Syndrome. Pine Mouth Syndrome is where the consumer experiences a bitter taste in their mouth from eating pine nuts, which can last for two weeks. The wood is used in general construction and is an important species for China. This tree is also grown as ornamental trees in parks and large gardens located in Europe and North America.

Image Caption: Chinese White Pine (Pinus armandii). Credit: Daderot/Wikipedia (public domain)