The Collared Pratincole or Common Pratincole (Glareola pratincola) is a species of wading bird found in open country in the warmer parts of Europe, southwest Asia and Africa. It is a migratory species and winters in tropical Africa, and is rare north of its breeding range. It can often be seen near the water in the evening.
The adult is 9.5 to 11 inches long with a 23.6 to 27.5 inch wingspan. It has a short bill, short legs, long pointed wings, and a long forked tail. The back and head are brown. The wings are brown with dark flight feathers. The underwings are chestnut colored, but look dark below. The belly is white. This species closely resembles the Black-winged Pratincole and Oriental Pratincole, which may occur within its range. The latter species has a shorter tail.
The Collared Pratincole hunts for insects usually in flight, but may also hunt and feed on the ground. The female lays 2 to 4 eggs on the ground.
The Collared Pratincole is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) applies.