Common Green Frog, Hylarana erythraea

The Common Green Frog (Hylarana erythraea) is a frog in the true frog family called Ranidae of superfamily Ranoidea. It resides in Southeast Asia and is also known as the Green Paddy Frog, Red Eared Frog, or Leaf Frog.

The last name, however, is commonly in reference to the Neotropical tree frogs which make up the subfamily Phyllomedusinae. These aren’t closely related to H. erythraea, belonging to family Hylidae in superfamily Hyloidea instead.

This frog has confused researchers for a long time, as it looks much like tree frogs in habitus. It was first placed in the tree frog genus Hyla.

This frog can be found in Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. Some introduced populations are found on Sulawesi and the Philippines. The similar frogs from northeastern India and neighboring regions, formerly included here, are now separated as Hylarana tytleri.

Its natural habitat includes tropical or subtropical moist lowland forests, tropical or subtropical moist montane forests, freshwater lakes, intermittent freshwater lakes, freshwater marshes, intermittent freshwater marshes, heavily degraded former forest, rural gardens, irrigated land, seasonally flooded agricultural land, and introduced vegetation.

Image Caption: Green Paddy Frog (Hylarana erythraea). Credit: Thomas Brown/Wikipedia (CC BY 2.0)