The Common Redpoll (Carduelis flammea), is a species in the finch family. It breeds throughout northern North America and Eurasia. Subspecies of the Common Redpoll include the Arctic Redpoll and Mealy Redpoll. These are common too in the Arctic, Iceland, Greenland, and Baffin Island. They all migrate south into southern Canada, northern United States and most of Eurasia.
These birds are remarkably resistant to cold temperatures and winter migration is mainly due to lack of food rather than the climatic changes. The redpoll breeds in thicket or shrub habitat. The Common Redpoll is small, brown and streaked, more-so than the arctic redpoll.