The Congo Peafowl (Afropavo congensis) is a species of peafowl that is native to lowland rainforests of the Congo River Basin in the central part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It was first recorded as a species in 1936 by Dr. James Chapin based on two stuffed specimens at Congo Museum in Belgium. Due to habitat loss, small population size and hunting in some areas, the Congo Peafowl is evaluated as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
The male is 28 inches long. Its feathers are deep blue with a metallic green and violet tinge. It has bare red neck, gray feet, and a black tail with fourteen feathers. The head has vertical white elongated hair-like feathers on its crown. The female is generally a chestnut brown bird with a black abdomen, metallic green back, and a short chestnut brown crest.
The diet of the Congo Peafowl consists mostly of fruits and invertebrates. Unlike other peacocks, the male fans its tail, rather than fanning the upper tail coverts. Very little is known about this species. It has characteristics of both the peafowl and the guineafowl, which may indicate that the Congo Peafowl is a link between the two families.