The Croad Langshan is a breed of domestic chicken that was developed in China. It was named after the Langshan district in which it was developed and the man who first brought the original type, known simply as the Langshan, to Europe in 1872, Major F.T. Croad. By 1904 the Croad Langshan Club was established in Britain, but the breed had already received recognition in the United States by the American Poultry Association in 1883.
The Croad Langshan is a large bird that has a deep chest and upright tail feathers, giving the entire body a “U” shape. Both males and females carry small, upright combs. Hens reach a weight between 6.6 and 7.9 pounds, while males grow larger, weighing between 8.27 and 9.37 pounds. Originally, this breed only came in black, but today it is recognized in two other colors: white and blue.
During the twentieth century the breed became popular as utility fowl for their egg laying abilities, with hens laying up to 150 eggs a year. The hens take good care of their eggs, which are dark brown in color, and chicks. This breed is known for its docile nature and ability to do well in confinement or in free-range environments.
Image Caption: A flock of Croad Langshans with cock in foreground. Credit: Rotatebot/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0)