Dodge is an automobile manufacturer founded in 1900 by Horace Elgin Dodge and brother John Francis. Originally named the Dodge Brothers Company, a supplier of parts and assemblies to Detroit automakers. They began producing complete automobiles in 1915.
After the death of the Dodge brothers in 1920, sales dropped and Dodge’s rank fell from third to seventh by 1927. The company was sold by the Dodge brother’s widows in 1925 to Dillon, Read & Co. for at least $146 million. In 1928, the company was sold again to the Chrysler Corporation.
Primarily, Dodge focused on producing trucks and full-sized passenger cars through the 1970s, with a limited production of compact cars. In 1981, the K platform of vehicles began production, developing compact and mid-sized vehicles as well as the introduction of the Dodge Caravan.
Chrysler owned Dodge until 2009. During which, from 1998 to 2007 there was a merger with Daimler-Benz AG. In 2009, it received a bailout from the United States Government, but went into bankruptcy and was acquired by fiat.
In 2011 the Dodge brands, Ram and Viper split forming two separate entities. Dodge Viper became an SRT product, while Ram became its own manufacturer. Dodge was able to pay back the government loan with interest five years earlier than expected.
There have been over 75 different models produced by Dodge with current models including:
Dodge Avenger; Dodge Caravan; Mini-Ram Van; Dodge Challenger; Dodge Charger; Dodge Dart; Dodge Durango; Dodge Journey; and Dodge Viper.
Dodge Ram trucks are marketed separately from Dodge, however they will always be a Dodge product. It won back to back Motor Trends Truck of the Year in 2013 and 2014.
Image Caption: Dodge 1927 4-Door Sedan. Credit: Lars-Göran Lindgren Sweden/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0, 2.5, 2.0, 1.0)