Eastern Timber Wolf

The Eastern Timber Wolf (Canis lupus lycaon), is an endangered subspecies of the Gray Wolf and is native to North America. “Timber Wolf” was once referred to any North American wolf that lived within forested areas, but this designation has been more recently reserved for this particular subspecies of gray wolf.

The Eastern Timber Wolf is one of the larger subspecies of gray wolves, especially in length, which generally varies from 58.5 to 70 inches, including the tail. Larger individuals can have tails up to 19.5 inches in length, and can approach 78 inches in length overall. Typical height ranges from 25 to 33 inches at the shoulder. While eastern timber wolves can achieve weights of up to 100 pounds, the average male weighs around 77 pounds, while females weigh about 66 pounds. Timber Wolves typically have silver or gray-brown coats with a lighter tan or cream undercoat. During winter months fur colorations tend to become darker.

Natural prey for Eastern Timber Wolves include deer, hares, mice, muskrat, and beaver. Prey changes seasonally for wolves. Their favorite prey are beavers in summer, and White-tailed Deer and caribou in the winter months.

Photo Credit: Christian Jansky