European Chub, Squalius cephalus

The European chub (Squalius cephalus) is a species of freshwater fish that is part of the carp family. Its distribution is within most countries of Europe and in North America it is also sometimes called the round chub, fat chub or pollard. It is found in both slow and moderate river currents as well as canals, lakes and ponds.

It is a popular fish among anglers and the smaller fish can be caught easily and in almost any conditions. The larger chub however, tend to be more skittish and spook easily to unusual noises and visual occurrences.

Small chubs can be caught on light tackle like fly-fishing gear or rod and reel with small hooks and large bait. The chub has a greedy nature and frequently will dive to underwater holes, roots and trees, once hooked, causing a snag. The chub will take almost any bait including, cheese, sweet corn, bread, earthworm, larvae, as well as its natural prey.

Ideal fishing conditions for the chub tend to occur after a heavy rainfalls when the water color is cloudy, and a smelly bait is used. In clear water, a maggot is the best bait because larger bait doesn’t seem to work as well.

While feeding the chub will dart out from cover, attack its prey and quickly return to cover to feed. They have sharp teeth at the back of their mouth so care should be taken when removing the hook.

The largest chub on record was taken in May 2007 weighing 9.2 pounds. The maximum length is between 24 and 31.5 inches.

Image Caption: European chub (Squalius cephalus). Credit: Karelj/Wikipedia (public domain)