Game Boy Color

The Game Boy Color (GBC) is a handheld gaming console developed and released by Nintendo on October 21, 1998 in Japan, November 18, 1998 in North America, November 23, 1998 in Europe and November 27, 1998 in Australia. Its predecessor was the original Game Boy and its successor was the Game Boy Advance. It was discontinued in 2003.

Pressure from game developers to produce a more sophisticated system prompted Nintendo to produce the GBC. It was the first backward compatible handheld system with a large library of games. This was a major feature for the Game Boy line with each new system having a larger selection of games.

The Game Boy and Game Boy Color have sold more than 118 million units combined.

The Game Boy Color features a Sharp LR35902 8-bit processor with a speed of either 4 or 8 Mhz. It has a color screen with a 160×140 resolution with 32,768 available colors. The ROM is 8 MB, RAM is 32 KB, VRAM is 16 KB and the cartridge RAM is 128 KB. It is 2.95 inches wide, 5.24 inches long, and 1.06 inches thick.

It is powered by two AA batteries for up to 30 hours of gameplay, or can use an external 3V DC 0.6W adapter.

Controls on the Game Boy Color consist of an 8-way D-Pad, A, B, Start, and Select buttons, volume control, and power switch. It has a serial port for a link cable, an infra-red port and a cartridge slot.

Five color schemes were originally released for the system, Berry, Grape, Kiwi, Dandelion and Teal. Several other limited edition versions were also produced: among the most notable are an Atomic Purple and also a third anniversary Pokemon edition in orange with Squirtle, Charmander, and Bulbasaur on the left and Pikachu on the right.

There were also several other Pokemon special editions all with a different theme and color. Other special editions included a Hello Kitty edition that was pastel pink, a clear, a clear black, a clear green, a midnight blue, an ice blue (Zelda edition), a clear orange, a clear blue and a green and yellow Australian edition.

At launch of the system four game titles were released: Centipede, Game and Watch Gallery 2, Pocket Bomberman and Tetris DX. There are a total of 469 available games that can be played on the Game Boy Color.

Several accessories are available for the Game Boy Color. A Game Boy Pocket Sonar with a fishing mini-game, a camera, a printer, the Super Game Boy and Game Boy player allows for television play, a transfer pack, a game link cable, a four player adapter, a battery pack, a mobile adapter, an e-reader, wireless adapter and a headphone adapter.

There are also a few third party accessories including the Game Genie, Game Shark and Code Breaker for cheats, Action Replay and Action Replay Max.

Image Caption: Game Boy Color in yellow. Image taken in a display case at the Nintendo Store in NYC. Credit: Evan-Amos/Wikipedia