The Gemsbok or Gemsbuck (Oryx gazella), is a large African antelope, of the Oryx genus. The name is derived from the Dutch name of the male chamois, Gemsbok. Although there are some superficial similarities in appearance, the chamois and the oryx are not related. Gemsbok are mainly desert-dwelling and do not depend on drinking to supply their physiological water needs. The species was introduced to New Mexico in the 1960’s.
The Gemsbok has an average shoulder height of four feet and can weigh up to 450 pounds. The female’s horns may be curved, but the male’s are thicker and parallel. Male gemsbok have been known to gore attacking lions with their horns. Gemsbok live in herds of about 10-40 animals, which consist of a dominant male, a few non-dominant males, and females. They often live in association with zebras, gazelles, or other antelope.