Gerenuks (Litocranius walleri), are a type of antelope or gazelle with remarkably long necks that are found in East Africa. It is also known as Waller’s Gazelle. The word gerenuk comes from the Somali language, meaning “Giraffe-necked”. Gerenuks eat leaves and shoots from trees and tall bushes by standing on their hind legs and stretching out their long necks. They will also eat buds, flowers, and fruits.
Gerenuks have a small head for their body, but their eyes and ears are big. Unlike females, males have horns and a more muscular neck. They are brown on their back, and lighter underneath. They have short, black tails. From head to tail, the gerenuk is around 60 inches long. Males are a little taller than females, ranging from 35 to 41.5 inches, and the females are 31.5 to 39.5 inches. The male is also heavier than the female, weighing 100lbs, and females are 68 lbs.
Gerenuks don’t need grass or water, because they get enough water from the plants that they eat. Because of this, gerenuks can survive in dry thorn-bush county. They can mate during anytime of the year. Females reach sexual maturity at one year, and males reach sexual maturity at 1.5 years. A mother carries her child for about seven months. They are born one at a time, weighing about 6.5 lbs at birth. Their life span is about eight years in the wild, but they can live thirteen years or more in captivity.