Goitered Gazelle, Gazella subgutturosa
The goitered gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa), also known as the Persian gazelle or the black-tailed gazelle, is native to a large area of central Asia known as Azerbaijan. Its range includes areas of Pakistan, Iran, Turkey, and the Gobi Desert. Its common name means “full below the throat, which refers to the gazelle’s throat when it expands during mating season. It hold four subspecies, although some experts consider these to be separate species.
The goitered gazelle can be found in habitats that contain limestone plateaus and gravel or sandy plains. It travels in herds at up to 18.6 miles per day during the winter, but only 1.8 miles in the summer. This species is known to migrate seasonally. When running, it does not leap and bound like other gazelles. There have been cave paintings found that suggest that this species was killed in ritual practices. The goitered gazelle appears on the IUCN Red List with a conservation status of “Vulnerable”.
Image Caption: Goitered Gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) at Korkeasaari Zoo. Credit: kallerna/Wikipedia