The GP2X is a handheld portable media player and video game console manufactured by GamePark Holdings from South Korea. It was released on November 10, 2005 in South Korea only. Game Park manufactured a device called the GP32 in 2001, and was in the process of manufacturing the next generation handheld but disagreements in the company prompted many of the personnel to leave and start their own corporation, GamePark Holdings.

The original name for the device was to be the GPX2 but due to a possible trademark issue with the GPX printer, a contest was held to determine the new name. About 1500 names were submitted and the winning name (GP2X) was submitted by Matt Baske. He was awarded a free GP2X device.

Since the device’s release, several updates have been made to the hardware. Also a new version of the unit called the F200 was released on October 30, 2007, which featured a touchscreen, and the joystick was replaced with a directional pad. On August 26, 2008, the Wiz was released as the successor to the GP2X. A version of the GP2X is still being sold in Korea by Vocamaster as an aid for Koreans to learn English.

The GP2X media player is used to play music, videos, view photos, and play games. It uses a Linux-based architecture allowing anyone to develop and run software for this device. It also runs an emulator to allow use of video game software from another system to run on the GP2X.

The GP2X has a 200MHz CPU, 64 MB of RAM, 64 MB internal storage (32 MB for user data) and also uses an SD card up to 32MB. It runs on a Linux-based operating system. It can connect to a PC through a high speed USB port and is powered by 2 AA batteries (lithium recommended) or with the AC adapter. Using normal alkaline batteries could limit the battery life to ten minutes, six hours with lithium batteries. It has a 3.5 inch LCD display with an EXT port for connecting a TV, mobile phone, or other devices.

File formats compatible for video are DivX 3-4-5, Xvid, and MPEG-4. For Audio: MP3 and Vorbis. Due to the operating system of the GP2X, there is much available software that is compatible with the device, with most of them free. Built in software consists of a music player, video player, an image viewer, an e-book reader, and a program to adjust the LCD display. The device has a Samba server, an HTTP server, an FTP server, and telent access for connecting directly from outside the unit.

The emulators available allowing the user to run software from other systems on the GP2X include Game Boy, Sega, Game Gear, Super Nintendo, PlayStation, and Atari 2600. Very few commercially produced games for the GP2X were made, however, other Linux based games can be used with the GP2X and hundreds of freeware games are also available. The GP2X also has a music creation tool, a PDA application, and uses an SDK (software development kit).

Accessories available for the GP2X are cases, cables, screen protectors, emulators, power supplies, games, memory cards, USB mice and keyboards.

Image Caption: The GP2X FX100. Credit: Kozuch/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0)